D. Wilhelm, S. Palmer, and P. Koopman, Sex determination and gonadal development in mammals, Physiol. Rev, vol.87, pp.1-28, 2007.

A. C. Santos and R. Lehmann, Germ cell specification and migration in Drosophila and beyond, Curr. Biol, vol.14, pp.578-589, 2004.

A. Mclaren, Mammalian germ cells: birth, sex, and immortality, Cell Struct. Funct, vol.26, pp.119-122, 2001.

E. Raz, Guidance of primordial germ cell migration, Curr. Opin. Cell Biol, vol.16, pp.169-173, 2004.

D. Saito, C. Morinaga, Y. Aoki, S. Nakamura, H. Mitani et al., Proliferation of germ cells during gonadal sex differentiation in medaka: Insights from germ cell-depleted mutant zenzai, Dev. Biol, vol.310, pp.280-290, 2007.

R. H. Delvin and Y. Nagahama, Sex determination and sex differentiation in fish, Aquaculture, vol.208, pp.191-364, 2002.

S. Nakamura, D. Kobayashi, Y. Aoki, H. Yokoi, Y. Ebe et al., Identification and lineage tracing of two populations of somatic gonadal precursors in medaka embryos, Dev. Biol, vol.295, pp.678-688, 2006.

H. Kurokawa, D. Saito, S. Nakamura, Y. Katoh-fukui, K. Ohta et al., Germ cells are essential for sexual dimorphism in the medaka gonad, Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA, vol.104, pp.16958-16963, 2007.

B. C. Morrish and A. H. Sinclair, Vertebrate sex determination: many means to an end, Reproduction, vol.124, pp.447-457, 2002.

I. Nanda, M. Kondo, U. Hornung, S. Asakawa, C. Winkler et al., A duplicated copy of DMRT1 in the sex-determining region of the Y chromosome of the medaka, Oryzias latipes, Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA, vol.99, pp.11778-11783, 2002.

M. Matsuda, Y. Nagahama, A. Shinomiya, T. Sato, C. Matsuda et al., DMY is a Y-specific DM-domain gene required for male development in the medaka fish, Nature, vol.417, pp.559-563, 2002.

J. Brennan and B. Capel, One tissue, two fates: molecular genetic events that underlie testis versus ovary development, Nat. Rev. Genet, vol.5, pp.509-521, 2004.

T. Kobayashi, M. Matsuda, H. Kajiura-kobayashi, A. Suzuki, N. Saito et al., Two DM domain genes, DMY and DMRT1, involved in testicular differentiation and development in the medaka, Oryzias latipes. Dev. Dyn, vol.231, pp.518-526, 2004.

U. Hornung, A. Herpin, and M. Schartl, Expression of the male determining gene dmrt1bY and its autosomal coorthologue dmrt1a in medaka, Sex Dev, vol.1, pp.197-206, 2007.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02658005

C. Winkler, U. Hornung, M. Kondo, C. Neuner, J. Duschl et al., Developmentally regulated and non-sex-specific expression of autosomal dmrt genes in embryos of the Medaka fish (Oryzias latipes), Mech. Dev, vol.121, pp.997-1005, 2004.

M. J. Moore, From birth to death: the complex lives of eukaryotic mRNAs, Science, vol.309, pp.1514-1518, 2005.

J. D. Keene, RNA regulons: coordination of post-transcriptional events, Nat. Rev. Genet, vol.8, pp.533-543, 2007.

V. Irish, R. Lehmann, and M. Akam, The Drosophila posterior-group gene nanos functions by repressing hunchback activity, Nature, vol.338, pp.646-648, 1989.

G. Struhl, P. Johnston, and P. A. Lawrence, Control of Drosophila body pattern by the hunchback morphogen gradient, Cell, vol.69, pp.237-249, 1992.

G. Deshpande, G. Calhoun, and P. Schedl, Overlapping mechanisms function to establish transcriptional quiescence in the embryonic Drosophila germline, Development, vol.131, pp.1247-1257, 2004.

A. Dahanukar and R. P. Wharton, The Nanos gradient in Drosophila embryos is generated by translational regulation, Genes Dev, vol.10, pp.2610-2620, 1996.

H. K. Duchow, J. L. Brechbiel, S. Chatterjee, and E. R. Gavis, The nanos translational control element represses translation in somatic cells by a Bearded box-like motif, Dev. Biol, vol.282, pp.207-217, 2005.

M. Koprunner, C. Thisse, B. Thisse, and E. Raz, A zebrafish nanos-related gene is essential for the development of primordial germ cells, Genes Dev, vol.15, pp.2877-2885, 2001.

Y. Mishima, A. J. Giraldez, Y. Takeda, T. Fujiwara, H. Sakamoto et al., Differential regulation of germline mRNAs in soma and germ cells by zebrafish miR-430, Curr. Biol, vol.16, pp.2135-2142, 2006.

T. Iwamatsu, Stages of normal development in the medaka Oryzias latipes, Mech. Dev, vol.121, pp.605-618, 2004.

N. Kluver, M. Kondo, A. Herpin, H. Mitani, and M. Schartl, Divergent expression patterns of Sox9 duplicates in teleosts indicate a lineage specific subfunctionalization, Dev. Genes Evol, vol.215, pp.297-305, 2005.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02683111

C. Thisse, B. Thisse, T. F. Schilling, and J. H. Postlethwait, Structure of the zebrafish snail1 gene and its expression in wildtype, spadetail and no tail mutant embryos, Development, vol.119, pp.1203-1215, 1993.

P. Lemaire, N. Garrett, and J. B. Gurdon, Expression cloning of Siamois, a Xenopus homeobox gene expressed in dorsal-vegetal cells of blastulae and able to induce a complete secondary axis, Cell, vol.81, pp.85-94, 1995.

A. Herpin, P. Fischer, D. Liedtke, N. Kluever, C. Neuner et al., Sequential SDF1a and b-induced mobility guides Medaka PGC migration, Dev. Biol, vol.320, pp.319-327, 2008.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02664102

S. Nakamura, Y. Aoki, D. Saito, Y. Kuroki, A. Fujiyama et al., Sox9b/sox9a2-EGFP transgenic medaka reveals the morphological reorganization of the gonads and a common precursor of both the female and male supporting cells, Mol. Reprod. Dev, vol.75, pp.472-476, 2008.

R. Koster, R. Stick, F. Loosli, and J. Wittbrodt, Medaka spalt acts as a target gene of hedgehog signaling, Development, vol.124, pp.3147-3156, 1997.

Y. Hong, T. Liu, H. Zhao, H. Xu, W. Wang et al., Establishment of a normal medakafish spermatogonial cell line capable of sperm production in vitro, Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA, vol.101, pp.8011-8016, 2004.

J. Komura, H. Mitani, and A. Shima, Fish cell culture: Establishment of two fibroblast-like cell lines (OL-17 and OL-32) from fins of the medaka, Oryzias latipes, In Vitro Cell Dev. Biol, vol.24, pp.294-298, 1988.

Y. Hong, C. Winkler, and M. Schartl, Pluripotency and differentiation of embryonic stem cell lines from the medakafish (Oryzias latipes), Mech. Dev, vol.60, pp.33-44, 1996.

A. Herpin, S. Rohr, D. Riedel, N. Kluever, E. Raz et al., Specification of primordial germ cells in medaka (Oryzias latipes), BMC Dev. Biol, vol.7, p.3, 2007.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02663379

H. Kurokawa, Y. Aoki, S. Nakamura, Y. Ebe, D. Kobayashi et al., Time-lapse analysis reveals different modes of primordial germ cell migration in the medaka Oryzias latipes, Dev. Growth Differ, vol.48, pp.209-221, 2006.

T. Saito, T. Fujimoto, S. Maegawa, K. Inoue, M. Tanaka et al., Visualization of primordial germ cells in vivo using GFP-nos1 3'UTR mRNA, Int. J. Dev. Biol, vol.50, pp.691-699, 2006.

M. Tanaka, M. Kinoshita, D. Kobayashi, and Y. Nagahama, Establishment of medaka (Oryzias latipes) transgenic lines with the expression of green fluorescent protein fluorescence exclusively in germ cells: a useful model to monitor germ cells in a live vertebrate, Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA, vol.98, pp.2544-2549, 2001.

N. Lei, K. I. Hornbaker, D. A. Rice, T. Karpova, V. A. Agbor et al., Sex-specific differences in mouse DMRT1 expression are both cell type-and stage-dependent during gonad development, Biol. Reprod, vol.77, pp.466-475, 2007.

A. De-grandi, V. Calvari, V. Bertini, A. Bulfone, G. Peverali et al., The expression pattern of a mouse doublesex-related gene is consistent with a role in gonadal differentiation, Mech. Dev, vol.90, pp.323-326, 2000.

C. A. Smith, P. J. Mcclive, P. S. Western, K. J. Reed, and A. H. Sinclair, Conservation of a sex-determining gene, Nature, vol.402, pp.601-602, 1999.

B. Moniot, P. Berta, G. Scherer, P. Sudbeck, and F. Poulat, Male specific expression suggests role of DMRT1 in human sex determination, Mech. Dev, vol.91, pp.323-325, 2000.

J. R. Kettlewell, C. S. Raymond, and D. Zarkower, Temperature-dependent expression of turtle Dmrt1 prior to sexual differentiation, Genesis, vol.26, pp.174-178, 2000.

O. Marchand, M. Govoroun, H. D'cotta, O. Mcmeel, J. Lareyre et al., DMRT1 expression during gonadal differentiation and spermatogenesis in the rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss, Biochem. Biophys. Acta, vol.1493, pp.180-187, 2000.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02696792

D. Zarkower, Establishing sexual dimorphism: conservation amidst diversity?, Nat. Rev. Genet, vol.2, pp.175-185, 2001.

Y. Aoki, I. Nagao, D. Saito, Y. Ebe, M. Kinjo et al., Temporal and spatial localization of three germline-specific proteins in medaka, Dev. Dyn, vol.237, pp.800-807, 2008.

A. F. Schier, The maternal-zygotic transition: death and birth of RNAs, Science, vol.316, pp.406-407, 2007.

B. Mazumder, V. Seshadri, and P. L. Fox, Translational control by the 3'-UTR: the ends specify the means, Trends Biochem. Sci, vol.28, pp.91-98, 2003.

M. Kloc, N. R. Zearfoss, and L. D. Etkin, Mechanisms of subcellular mRNA localization, Cell, vol.108, pp.533-544, 2002.

F. B. Gao, C. C. Carson, T. Levine, and J. D. Keene, Selection of a subset of mRNAs from combinatorial 3' untranslated region libraries using neuronal RNA-binding protein Hel-N1, Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA, vol.91, pp.11207-11211, 1994.

C. Niehrs and N. Pollet, Synexpression groups in eukaryotes, Nature, vol.402, pp.483-487, 1999.

S. W. Miller, D. C. Hayward, T. A. Bunch, D. J. Miller, E. E. Ball et al., A DM domain protein from a coral, Acropora millepora, homologous to proteins important for sex determination, Evol. Dev, vol.5, pp.251-258, 2003.

C. Scali, F. Catteruccia, Q. Li, and A. Crisanti, Identification of sex-specific transcripts of the Anopheles gambiae doublesex gene, J. Exp. Biol, vol.208, pp.3701-3709, 2005.

R. N. Nagoshi and B. S. Baker, Regulation of sex-specific RNA splicing at the Drosophila doublesex gene: cis-acting mutations in exon sequences alter sex-specific RNA splicing patterns, Genes Dev, vol.4, pp.89-97, 1990.

K. C. Burtis and B. S. Baker, Drosophila doublesex gene controls somatic sexual differentiation by producing alternatively spliced mRNAs encoding related sex-specific polypeptides, Cell, vol.56, pp.997-1010, 1989.

K. Sreenivasulu, S. Ganesh, and R. Raman, Evolutionarily conserved, DMRT1, encodes alternatively spliced transcripts and shows dimorphic expression during gonadal differentiation in the lizard, Calotes versicolor, Mech. Dev, vol.119, pp.55-64, 2002.

Y. Guo, H. Cheng, X. Huang, S. Gao, H. Yu et al., Gene structure, multiple alternative splicing, and expression in gonads of zebrafish Dmrt1, Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun, vol.330, pp.950-957, 2005.

X. Huang, Y. Guo, Y. Shui, S. Gao, H. Yu et al., Multiple alternative splicing and differential expression of dmrt1 during gonad transformation of the rice field eel, Biol. Reprod, vol.73, pp.1017-1024, 2005.

Y. Zhao, H. Lu, H. Yu, H. Cheng, and R. Zhou, Multiple alternative splicing in gonads of chicken DMRT1, Dev. Genes Evol, vol.217, pp.119-126, 2007.

H. Lu, X. Huang, L. Zhang, Y. Guo, H. Cheng et al., Multiple alternative splicing of mouse Dmrt1 during gonadal differentiation, Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun, vol.352, pp.630-634, 2007.

H. H. Cheng, M. Ying, Y. H. Tian, Y. Guo, K. Mcelreavey et al., Transcriptional diversity of DMRT1 (dsx-and mab3-related transcription factor 1) in human testis, Cell Res, vol.16, pp.389-393, 2006.