Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Journal articles

The genome of the domesticated apple (Malus x domestica Borkh.)

Riccardo Velasco 1 Andrey Zharkikh 2 Jason Affourtit 3 Amit Dhingra 4 Alessandro Cestaro 1 Ananth Kalyanaraman 5 Paolo Fontana 1 Satish K. Bhatnagar 2 Michela Troggio 1 Dmitry Pruss 2 Silvio Salvi 1, 6 Massimo Pindo 1 Paolo Baldi 1 Sara Castelleti 1 Marina Cavaiuolo 1 Giuseppina Coppola 1 Fabrizio Costa 1 Valentina Cova 1 Antonio Dal Ri 1 Vadim Goremykin 1 Matteo Komjanc 1 Sara Longhi 1 Pierluigi Magnago 1 Giulia Malacarne 1 Mickael Malnoy 1 Diego Micheletti 1 Marco Moretto 1 Michele Perazzolli 1 Azeddine Si-Ammour 1 Silvia Vezzulli 1 Elena Zini 1 Glenn Eldredge 2 Lisa M. Fitzgerald 2 Natalia Gutin 2 Jerry Lanchbury 2 Teresita Macalma 2 Jeff T. Mitchell 2 Julia Reid 2 Bryan Wardell 2 Chinnappa Kodira 3 Zhoutao Chen 3 Brian Desany 3 Faheem Niazi 3 Melinda Palmer 3 Tyson Koepke 4 Derick Jiwan 4 Scott Schaeffer 4 Vandhana Krishnan 5 Changjun Wu 5 Vu T. Chu 7 Stephen T. King 7 Jessica Vick 7 Quanzhou Tao 8 Amy Mraz 8 Aimee Stormo 8 Keith Stormo 8 Robert Bogden 8 Davide Ederle 9 Alessandra Stella 9 Alberto Vecchietti 9 Martin M. Kater 10 Simona Masiero 11 Pauline Lasserre - Zuber 12 Yves Lespinasse 12 Andrew C. Allan 13 Vincent Bus 14 David Chagné 15 Ross N. Crowhurst 13 Andrew P. Gleave 13 Enrico Lavezzo 16 Jeffrey A. Fawcett 17, 18 Sebastian Proost 17, 18 Pierre Rouzé 17, 18 Lieven Sterck 17, 18 Stefano Toppo 19 Barbara Lazzari 9 Roger P. Hellens 13 Charles Eric Durel 12 Alexander Gutin 2 Roger E. Bumgarner 7 Susan E. Gardiner 15 Mark Skolnick 2 Michael Egholm 3 Yves van de Peer 17, 18 Francesco Salamini 1, 9 Roberto Viola 1
Abstract : We report a high-quality draft genome sequence of the domesticated apple (Malus x domestica). We show that a relatively recent (> 50 million years ago) genome-wide duplication (GWD) has resulted in the transition from nine ancestral chromosomes to 17 chromosomes in the Pyreae. Traces of older GWDs partly support the monophyly of the ancestral paleohexaploidy of eudicots. Phylogenetic reconstruction of Pyreae and the genus Malus, relative to major Rosaceae taxa, identified the progenitor of the cultivated apple as M. sieversii. Expansion of gene families reported to be involved in fruit development may explain formation of the pome, a Pyreae-specific false fruit that develops by proliferation of the basal part of the sepals, the receptacle. In apple, a subclade of MADS-box genes, normally involved in flower and fruit development, is expanded to include 15 members, as are other gene families involved in Rosaceae-specific metabolism, such as transport and assimilation of sorbitol.
Document type :
Journal articles
Complete list of metadata

https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02666876
Contributor : Migration Prodinra Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Sunday, May 31, 2020 - 9:32:39 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, November 3, 2021 - 2:57:55 PM

Links full text

Identifiers

Collections

Citation

Riccardo Velasco, Andrey Zharkikh, Jason Affourtit, Amit Dhingra, Alessandro Cestaro, et al.. The genome of the domesticated apple (Malus x domestica Borkh.). Nature Genetics, Nature Publishing Group, 2010, 42 (10), pp.833-841. ⟨10.1038/ng.654⟩. ⟨hal-02666876⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

38