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L'élevage bovin et l'environnement en France : le diagnostic justifie-t-il des alternatives techniques?

Abstract : The relation between cattle breeding and the environment are complex with positive implications (use of land, a strong autonomy of the feeding system, maintaining of biodiversity) and negative implications (an increase in nitrates and phosphorus in water, emission of gases that contribute to the greenhouse effect). These relations are historically and locally closely dependent on technical factors (the level of intensification of fodder surfaces, productivity of production factors, fertilisation plans, conditions of stocking of livestock manure...). They are generally strongly influenced by certain economic considerations (the evolution of consumption, consideration in the prices of products, of a respect of environmental engagements...) and political considerations (environmental norms, way that public authorities intervene in the collective management of the offer and in the territorial distribution of production, mechanism of attribution of rights and premiums...). The analysis of these relations is made delicate by the diversity of the production systems and the interlacing of management problems of plants and animals. Besides the obligatory incitations of agricultural politics, several technical evolutions could interact in the sense of improving the relation of the environment. These technical evolutions, either punctual (suppression of waste and more precise adjusting of input, management of droppings...) or more radical (modification of production systems), will be possible if they are accompanied by a social and/or economic improvement on the farm level.
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  • HAL Id : hal-02678699, version 1
  • PRODINRA : 155584
  • WOS : 000186378500001

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Vincent Chatellier. L'élevage bovin et l'environnement en France : le diagnostic justifie-t-il des alternatives techniques?. Productions animales, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, 2003, 16 (4), pp.231-249. ⟨hal-02678699⟩

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