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Pretreatment of starved rats with ornithine α-ketoglutarate: effects on hepatic mRNA levels and plasma concentrations of three liver-secreted proteins

Abstract : Objective Ornithine α-ketoglutarate (OKG) displays anabolic properties at the hepatic level, but the mechanisms involved remain unclear. This study investigated in vivo the ability of OKG to modulate hepatic gene expression of three liver-secreted proteins: albumin, transthyretin, and retinol binding protein. Methods One hundred eighty rats were fed for 5 d with a balanced regimen enriched with OKG (5 g · kg−1 · d−1) or an isonitrogenous mixture (alanine, glycine, and serine). Hepatic mRNA levels and plasma concentrations of the three proteins studied were determined at the end of the nutrition period and after 1, 2, and 3 d of food deprivation. Results were compared by analysis of variance and Bonferroni-Dunn tests. Results At the end of the nutrition period, hepatic mRNA levels and plasma concentrations of the three proteins were not modified by OKG supplementation. However, OKG largely increased mRNA levels of albumin, transthyretin, and retinol binding protein on the first day of starvation compared with control animals (+68%, +64% and +51%, respectively; P < 0.01 versus control). OKG precociously increased albuminemia (on day 2) but had no effect on plasma concentrations of transthyretin and retinol binding protein. Neither regulation of polyamine hepatic concentration nor alteration in hepatic amino acid content seemed to be implicated in these actions. Conclusion This study is the first to demonstrate that OKG regulates in vivo liver gene expression during acute malnutrition by modulating hepatic mRNA levels.
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Submitted on : Sunday, May 31, 2020 - 10:43:29 PM
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Frédéric Segaud, Bernard Lardeux, Marie Cécile Alexandre-Gouabau, Fanny Bleiberg-Daniel, Samir Nakib, et al.. Pretreatment of starved rats with ornithine α-ketoglutarate: effects on hepatic mRNA levels and plasma concentrations of three liver-secreted proteins. Nutrition, Elsevier, 2005, 21 (6), pp.732-739. ⟨10.1016/j.nut.2004.11.008⟩. ⟨hal-02680809⟩

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