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Effect of sucrose and maltodextrin on the physical properties and survival of air-dried Lactobacillus bulgaricus: an in situ fourier transform infrared spectroscopy study

Abstract : The effect of sucrose, maltodextrin and skim milk on survival of L. bulgaricus after drying was studied. Survival could be improved from 0.01% for cells that were dried in the absence of protectants to 7.8% for cells dried in a mixture of sucrose and maltodextrin. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) was used to study the effect of the protectants on the overall protein secondary structure and thermophysical properties of the dried cells. Sucrose, maltodextrin and skim milk were found to have minor effects on the membrane phase behavior and the overall protein secondary structure of the dried cells. FTIR was also used to show that the air-dried cell/protectant solutions formed a glassy state at ambient temperature. 1-Palmitoyl 2-oleoyl phosphatidyl choline (POPC) was used in order to determine if sucrose and maltodextrin have the ability to interact with phospholipids during drying. In addition, the glass transition temperature and strength of hydrogen bonds in the glassy state were studied using this model system. Studies using poly-L-lysine were done in order to determine if sucrose and maltodextrin are able to stabilize protein structure during drying. As expected, sucrose depressed the membrane phase transition temperature (T-m) of POPC in the dried state and prevented conformational changes Of poly-L-lysine during drying. Maltodextrin, however, did not depress the T-m, of dried POPC and was less effective in preventing conformational changes Of poly-L-lysine during drying. We suggest that when cells are dried in the presence of sucrose and maltodextrin, sucrose functions by directly interacting with biomolecules, whereas maltodextrin functions as an osmotically inactive bulking compound causing spacing of the cells and strengthening of the glassy matrix.
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Submitted on : Sunday, May 31, 2020 - 10:44:50 PM
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Harriëtte Oldenhof, Willem F. Wolkers, Fernanda Fonseca, Stéphanie Passot, Michèle Marin. Effect of sucrose and maltodextrin on the physical properties and survival of air-dried Lactobacillus bulgaricus: an in situ fourier transform infrared spectroscopy study. Biotechnology Progress, Wiley, 2005, 21 (3), pp.885-892. ⟨10.1021/bp049559j⟩. ⟨hal-02680835⟩

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