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Regulating insect resistance management: the case of non-Bt corn refuges in the US

Abstract : In this paper, we analyze the insect resistance management (IRM) plan put in place by the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to delay the evolution of resistance to Bt corn in natural populations of the European corn borer, Ostrinia nubilalis Hubner. This IRM plan is the most impressive mandatory IRM system ever developed. It forms a coherent whole and includes mandatory refuges, actions to increase growers’ compliance and a program for monitoring the evolution of resistance. However, our analysis suggests that two components of this IRM plan are not entirely satisfactory: growers’ compliance and monitoring of the evolution of resistance. Moreover, the implementation of these two components of IRM has been required of the registrants, whose incentives for IRM are probably lower than the social optimum. Our analysis suggests that alternatives to the IRM plan currently in place could improve these two components
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Denis Bourguet, Marion Desquilbet, Stephane Lemarié. Regulating insect resistance management: the case of non-Bt corn refuges in the US. Journal of Environmental Management, Elsevier, 2005, 76 (3), pp.210-220. ⟨10.1016/j.jenvman.2005.01.019⟩. ⟨hal-02682661⟩

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