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Detection of Pseudomonas syringae pv. aptata in irrigation water retention basins by immunofluorescence colony-staining

Abstract : Bacterial blight of cantaloupe (Cucumis melo) caused by Pseudomonas syringae pv. aptata was first observed in south-western France and has since spread to all cantaloupe-growing areas of this country. Use of pesticides registered for this disease has proved ineffective and no commercial cultivars of cantaloupe are resistant to this blight. To develop control strategies for this disease, the principal sources of inoculum were investigated. Among the different sources of inoculum studied, we report the isolation of P. syringae pv. aptata from irrigation water retention basins in south-western France using the immunofluorescence colony-staining (IFC) method. In this study, the pathogen was detected at a low concentration (12 and 70 cfu l(-1)) in two different retention basins. These results suggest that P. syringae pv. aptata can survive in water used to irrigate cantaloupe crops and could be a source of inoculum for epidemics of bacterial blight. To develop control strategies for this bacterial disease, the importance of water retention basins as sources of inoculum for bacterial blight of cantaloupe needs to be evaluated relative to other potential sources such as seeds, plants from nurseries and plant debris in the soil.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02683383
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Submitted on : Monday, June 1, 2020 - 3:09:34 AM
Last modification on : Friday, February 5, 2021 - 4:10:14 AM

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C.M.H. Riffaud, Cindy E. Morris. Detection of Pseudomonas syringae pv. aptata in irrigation water retention basins by immunofluorescence colony-staining. European Journal of Plant Pathology, Springer Verlag, 2002, 108, pp.539-545. ⟨10.1023/A:1019919627886⟩. ⟨hal-02683383⟩

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