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Chylomicron Beta-Carotene and retinyl palmitate responses are dramatically diminished when men ingest Beta-Carotene with medium-chain rather than long-chain triglycerides

Abstract : The effect of the ingestion of beta-carotene with medium-chain triglycerides (MCT) or long-chain triglycerides (LCT) on the bioavailability and the provitamin A activity of beta-carotene was investigated in humans. Sixteen healthy young men ingested, on two different days, a test meal containing 120 mg beta-carotene incorporated into 40 g LCT (LCT meal) or 40 g MCT (MCT meal). This meal was followed 6 h later by a beta-carotene-free meal containing 40 g LCT. Chylomicron beta-carotene, retinyl palmitate and triglycerides were measured every hour for 12.5 h after the first meal. No significant increase in chylomicron triglycerides was detected for the 6 h after the MCT meal intake, whereas a significant increase in chylomicron triglycerides was observed after the LCT meal intake. The chylomicron beta-carotene and retinyl palmitate responses to the MCT meal (0-6 h area under the curves, AUC) were significantly (P < 0.05) lower [AUC = 68.1 +/- 26.8 and 43.4 +/- 10.4 nmol/(L.h), for beta-carotene and retinyl palmitate, respectively] than those obtained after the LOT meal [301.4 +/- 64.0 and 166.0 +/- 29.0 nmol/(L.h), respectively]. The chylomicron beta-carotene and retinyl palmitate responses obtained after the beta-carotene-free meal (6-12.5 h AUC) were also significantly lower when the first meal provided MCT rather than LCT. The chylomicron (retinyl palmitate/beta-carotene) ratios were constant during the postprandial periods, whatever the meal ingested. We conclude that the chylomicron beta-carotene response is markedly diminished when beta-carotene is absorbed with MCT instead of LCT. This phenomenon is apparently due to the lack of secretion of chylomicrons in response to MCT; however, a lower intestinal absorption of beta-carotene or a higher transport of beta-carotene via the portal way in the presence of MCT cannot be ruled out. Finally, the data obtained show that MCT do not affect the rate of intestinal conversion of beta-carotene into vitamin A.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02696749
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Submitted on : Monday, June 1, 2020 - 10:59:30 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, January 13, 2022 - 4:51:24 AM

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Patrick Borel, Viviane Tyssandier, N. Mekki, Pascal Grolier, Yvanne Rochette, et al.. Chylomicron Beta-Carotene and retinyl palmitate responses are dramatically diminished when men ingest Beta-Carotene with medium-chain rather than long-chain triglycerides. Journal of Nutrition, American Society for Nutrition, 1998, 128 (8), pp.1361-1367. ⟨10.1093/jn/128.8.1361⟩. ⟨hal-02696749⟩

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