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Effect of interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1RA) on histamine and serotonin release by rat basophilic leukemia cells (RBL-2H3) and peritoneal mast cells

Abstract : Recently, it has been appreciated that cultured mast cells are significant sources of cytokines. However, the role of interkeukin-1 (IL-1) on mast cells and/or basophil degranulation is still unclear. In this report we provide evidence that rat basophilic leukemia cells (RBLC) cultured with a natural inhibitor of IL-1, interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1RA) (500 ng/ml) for 48 h, strongly inhibited the spontaneous release of serotonin (5HT) and histamine (from 22.50 to 43.49%), compared to untreated cells (control). When IL-1RA-treated and untreated RBLC were stimulated with a secretagogue (anti-IgE), no difference was found in the percent of 5HT and histamine release. Moreover, in another set of experiments using rat peritoneal mast cells (RPMC) treated and untreated with IL-1RA, we found that IL-1RA did not affect the release of 5HT or histamine, even when the secretagogue anti-IgE or compound 48/80 (C48/80) were used. The present studies describe an additional biological activity of IL-1RA, inhibiting histamine and 5HT release from RBLC cultures.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02699261
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Submitted on : Monday, June 1, 2020 - 12:40:25 PM
Last modification on : Friday, April 9, 2021 - 1:12:08 PM

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Pio Conti, William Bouchet, Claudio Feliciani, Sandra Mammarella, Leena Kudchadker, et al.. Effect of interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1RA) on histamine and serotonin release by rat basophilic leukemia cells (RBL-2H3) and peritoneal mast cells. Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry, Springer Verlag, 1996, 155 (1), pp.61-68. ⟨10.1007/BF00714334⟩. ⟨hal-02699261⟩

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