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Common pharmacological and physico-chemical properties of 5-HT3 binding sites in the rat cerebral cortex and NG 108-15 clonal cells.

Abstract : On account of the postulated existence of 5-HT3 receptor subtypes, the respective physico-chemical and pharmacological properties of specific binding sites for the potent 5-HT3 antagonist [3H]zacopride were compared using membranes from the rat posterior cortex or neuroblastoma-glioma NG 108-15 clonal cells. In both membrane preparations, [3H]zacopride bound to a single class of specific sites with a Kd close to 0.5 nM. However, the Bmax value in NG 108-15 cell membranes (970 +/- 194 fmol/mg protein) was approximately 50 times larger than that in cortical membranes (19 +/- 2 fmol/mg protein). The specific binding of [3H]zacopride was equally affected by temperature, pH and molarity of the assay medium, and equally insensitive to thiol- and disulfide-reagents (N-ethylmaleimide, p-chloromercuribenzene sulfonic acid, dithiothreitol) and GTP in cortical as well as NG 108-15 cell membranes. Determination of the molecular size of [3H]zacopride specific binding sites by radiation inactivation yielded values close to 35 kDa for both membrane preparations. Finally, a highly significant positive correlation (r = 0.979) was found between the respective pKi values of 34 different drugs for their inhibition of [3H]zacopride specific binding to cortical or NG 108-15 cell membranes. Among them, the most potent was S(-)zacopride (pKi = 9.55), followed by BRL 43964, ICS 205-930, quipazine, R(+)zacopride, GR 38032F and MDL 72222. Atypical antidepressants (mianserin, amoxapine) and neuroleptics (clotiapine, loxapine and clozapine) were active in rather low concentrations (pKi less than 6.5), suggesting that recognition of 5-HT3 sites might be relevant to part of the in vivo effects of these drugs. Such identical physico-chemical and pharmacological properties of [3H]zacopride specific binding in cortical and NG 108-15 cell membranes strongly suggest that the same 5-HT3 receptor (subtype?) exists in these two preparations.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02711947
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Submitted on : Monday, June 1, 2020 - 6:00:26 PM
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Francisco Bolaños-Jiménez, L E Schechter, M C Miquel, M B Emerit, J F Rumigny, et al.. Common pharmacological and physico-chemical properties of 5-HT3 binding sites in the rat cerebral cortex and NG 108-15 clonal cells.. Biochemical Pharmacology, Elsevier, 1990, 40 (7), pp.1541-1550. ⟨10.1016/0006-2952(90)90452-Q⟩. ⟨hal-02711947⟩

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