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Development and validation of a highly sensitive radioimmunoassay for chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tschawytscha) growth hormone

Abstract : This study describes the development of a highly specific and very sensitive radioimmunoassay for salmonid growth hormone. Antiserum raised against chinook (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) GH2, which did not recognize 125I-sPRL and 125I-sGTH (at 1:1000 initial dilution), was able to inhibit growth when injected into rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). 125I-sGH2, used as tracer, was not recognized by anti-sGTH or by anti-sPRL. Mammalian GH and ACTH and salmonid GTH, TSH, and PRL did not cross-react in the sGH assay. The inhibition curves for pituitary extracts and plasma from salmonids were parallel to the salmon GH standard, whereas those from carp, tilapia, and catfish showed no significant cross reactivity. The RIA ED90 and ED50 values were 0.2 and 1.5 ng/ml, respectively. Using this RIA for measuring GH release by cultured pituitary cell we observed a strong inhibiting effect of SRIF (10(-6) M) and a stimulatory effect of hGRF (10(-6) M). This RIA allowed us also to detect daily fluctuations in the plasma GH concentration in cannulated rainbow trout.
Keywords : STH fish growth hormone
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Pierre-Yves Le Bail, J.P. Sumpter, J.F. Carragher, Brigitte Mourot, P.D. Niu. Development and validation of a highly sensitive radioimmunoassay for chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tschawytscha) growth hormone. General and Comparative Endocrinology, Elsevier, 1991, 83, pp.75-85. ⟨10.1016/0016-6480(91)90107-H⟩. ⟨hal-02713601⟩

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