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Physicochemical properties of serotonin 5-HT3 binding sites solubilized from membranes of NG 108-15 neuroblastoma-glioma cells.

Abstract : Specific binding sites with pharmacological properties typical of serotonin 5-HT3 receptors were identified in membranes of the murine hybridoma cell line NG 108-15, using [3H]zacopride as a ligand. Optimal solubilization of these sites (yield, 50%) could be achieved using the detergent 3-[3-(cholamidopropyl)dimethylammonio]-1-propane sulfonate (CHAPS) at 24 mM plus 0.5 M NaCl in 25 mM Tris-HCl, pH 7.4. Specific [3H]zacopride binding to soluble sites in the 100,000-g CHAPS extract was saturable and showed characteristics (Bmax = 425 +/- 81 fmol/mg of protein; KD = 0.19 +/- 0.02 nM) closely related to those of membrane-bound sites (Bmax = 932 +/- 183 fmol/mg of protein; KD = 0.60 +/- 0.03 nM). Determination of association (k+1 = 0.17 nM min-1) and dissociation (k-1 = 0.02 min-1) rate constants for the soluble sites gave a KD value of 0.12 nM, a result consistent with that calculated from saturation studies. As assessed from the displacement potencies (IC50) of 10 different drugs, the pharmacological profile of [3H]zacopride specific binding sites was essentially the same (r = 0.99) in the CHAPS-soluble extract and in cell membranes, although some increase in the affinity for 5-HT3 antagonists (zacopride, ICS 205-930, and MDL 72222) and decrease in the affinity for 5-HT3 agonists (2-methyl-5-hydroxytryptamine and phenylbiguanide) were noted for the soluble sites. Sucrose density gradient sedimentation of the CHAPS-soluble extract gave a Svedberg coefficient of 12S for the material with [3H]zacopride specific binding capacity. Chromatographic analyses using Sephacryl S-400 and wheat germ agglutinin-agarose columns indicated marked enrichment (by 2.5- and 10-fold, respectively) in [3H]zacopride specific binding activity in the corresponding eluates compared with the starting soluble extract, a finding suggesting that both steps are of potential interest for the partial purification of solubilized 5-HT3 receptors. Two soluble materials with apparent molecular masses of approximately 600 and approximately 36 kDa were found to bind [3H]zacopride specifically in the Sephacryl S-400 eluate. Interestingly, molecular mass determination by radiation inactivation of [3H]zacopride binding sites in frozen NG 108-15 cells gave a value of approximately 35 kDa.
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M C Miquel, M B Emerit, Francisco Bolaños-Jiménez, L E Schechter, Henry Gozlan, et al.. Physicochemical properties of serotonin 5-HT3 binding sites solubilized from membranes of NG 108-15 neuroblastoma-glioma cells.. Journal of Neurochemistry, Wiley, 1990, 55 (5), pp.1526-36. ⟨10.1111/j.1471-4159.1990.tb04935.x⟩. ⟨hal-02713774⟩

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