Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Conference papers

Turnover of the soil organic matter amino acid fraction investigated by c-13 and c-14 signatures of carboxyl carbon

Abstract : Nitrogenous compounds of soil organic matter constitute a major N reservoir on Earth. Both the world food protein supply produced by agriculture and the global contamination by reactive nitrogen species rely on the dynamics of these compounds. To investigate their dynamics, we used both natural C-13 labeling and accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) C-14 dating of the alpha-carboxyl amino carbon, which is specific of the amino acid fraction that was extracted from bulk soil organic matter by ninhydrin hydrolysis. We applied this isotopic approach to investigate the age of carboxyl carbon in a maize-cultivated Cambisol chronosequence. Based on a few measurements, we demonstrate the feasibility of this new compound-specific method of investigation of soil carbon dynamics. We show that soil organic matter amino acids can be split into two very distinct dynamic compartments: the majority having a mean age of a few years and a minority having a mean carbon age of several millennia. The latter fraction can be either strongly stabilized in soils, or can arise from microbial utilization of old carbon resources, as predicted by the priming effect theory.
Document type :
Conference papers
Complete list of metadata

https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02736282
Contributor : Migration Prodinra <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, June 2, 2020 - 5:28:18 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, August 6, 2020 - 4:34:48 PM

Identifiers

Collections

Citation

Christine Hatte, Claude Noury, Louay Kheirbeik, Jérôme Balesdent. Turnover of the soil organic matter amino acid fraction investigated by c-13 and c-14 signatures of carboxyl carbon. 22nd International Radiocarbon Conference, Nov 2015, Dakar, Senegal. pp.9, ⟨10.1017/RDC.2016.91⟩. ⟨hal-02736282⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

42