Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Conference papers

Neuroendocrine control of maternal behavior in non-human and human mammals

Abstract : Mammalian parental care is essentially provided by the mother and it occupies most of the reproductive period for female. The synchronization of maternal behavior with parturition and lactation ensures that the mother responds to the needs of the young at the appropriate time. This temporal synchrony is accomplished by hormonal changes that underly both the onset of maternal behavior and of parturition and lactation. The aim of this review is to describe and compare the hormonal mechanisms that regulate the onset of maternal behavior across a variety of mammals, including humans, that represent different behavioral strategies. Are involved the steroid hormones, estradiol and progesterone synthesized by the ovaries which primed the future mother to repond maternally. In response to these steroids, oxytocin release induced by vaginocervical stimulation and prolactin release affect the maternal brain. The medial preoptic area integrates the hormonal signals to regulate maternal behavior. The hormonal cocktail that stimulates maternal behavior varies across mammalian species. Because most of the studies in humans are correlative and because human environment is complex, direct causality between hormones and maternal behavior is unclear. However, one can reasonably think that hormones create a positive bias towards the baby increasing the occurrence of maternal behavior.
Document type :
Conference papers
Complete list of metadata

https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02743833
Contributor : Migration Prodinra Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Wednesday, June 3, 2020 - 6:37:03 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, August 5, 2021 - 3:48:56 AM

Identifiers

Collections

Citation

Frédéric Lévy. Neuroendocrine control of maternal behavior in non-human and human mammals. 59. Journées Internationales d’Endocrinologie Clinique, Société Française d'Endocrinologie (SFE). FRA., Jun 2016, Paris, France. ⟨10.1016/j.ando.2016.04.002⟩. ⟨hal-02743833⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

38