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Des trajectoires structurelles et économiques (1990-2005) contrastées entre les exploitations laitières du nord de l’Union européenne

Abstract : This article presents a comparative analysis of the structural and economic trajectories of specialized dairy farms of six geographical areas of the European Union: North and West of France, North of Germany, North and West of England, Denmark and the Netherlands. This analysis is based on the individual data from the European Farm Accountancy Data Network (FADN) for the period 1990 to 2005. Firstly, we stresse the significant differences in labour productivity between the dairy farms, both volume and value. While acknowledging the political choices of each Member State in relation to the administration of milk quotas, special attention is paid to the main factors that explain these differences in labour productivity (level of specialization, use of subcontracting, investment, substitution of labour by capital). Then, we discuss the cost of production and the total output per tonne of milk. Key strengths and weaknesses of the studied geographical areas are shown. Finally, we explore the relationship between labour productivity and remuneration of the workforce. It shows how the choice of the economic indicator used (agricultural income or cash flow) may interfere with the interpretation of results. This analysis indicates that the French specialized dairy farms are favoured by a more modest cost of production factors (land and quota), by low feed costs and by higher milk prices than that of England or Germany. However, the french dairy farms are penalized by lower labour productivity and higher mechanization cost. If the investments in buildings are less dynamic than in Denmark, they do better in France than in other basins, reflecting the confidence of french milk producers in the future.
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  • HAL Id : hal-02753040, version 1
  • PRODINRA : 32083

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Vincent Chatellier, Christophe Perrot. Des trajectoires structurelles et économiques (1990-2005) contrastées entre les exploitations laitières du nord de l’Union européenne. Colloque de l’AFPF (Association Française de la Production Fourragère), Association Française pour la Production Fourragère (AFPF). FRA., Oct 2008, Paris, France. ⟨hal-02753040⟩

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