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Le bassin laitier en Amazonie brésilienne, situation actuelle et perspectives d’évolution.

Abstract : Brazil has reached France and Germany in the world hierarchy of dairy producers, and should very soon overtake them. As for beef production, in less than 10 years Brazil has become the second world producer and the first exporter. The expansion of dairy production depends on the construction of the Amazonian dairy basin. Milk comes from small family-run farms characterized by extensive herd and grassland management. Moreover, the processes of intensification, considered as a stake to improve the economic and environmental sustainability of livestock farms, appear still very limited to individual opportunities. For ten years, dairy production has been modified by the construction of dairy basins, due to the installation of regional and national dairy industries with larger capacities of tranformation. Questions have arose on the evolution of dairy farms and the processes of intensification : which is the current situation of these livestock farming systems, and what are their evolutions? For their reflections, the authors used the results of ten years of research, conduced in the state of Pará, about the characteristics of dairy farms and milk basins. The authors explain the development of dairy production in the Amazon region during the last decade and the installation of the milk basins. From three contrasted agricultural borders, they also present the characteristics of the dairy farms linked with one type of milk basin as well as the perpectives for their evolutions. The authors conclude by the progressive intensification that will occur in the future on dairy farms, with the development of national and international dairy industries. Other evolutions are to be considered : the increasing demand to improve work conditions of the farmers and the development of agroforestry systems.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, June 3, 2020 - 10:31:57 PM
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  • HAL Id : hal-02756074, version 1
  • PRODINRA : 22031

Citation

Nathalie Hostiou, J.F. Tourrand, René Poccard-Chapuis, J.B. Veiga. Le bassin laitier en Amazonie brésilienne, situation actuelle et perspectives d’évolution.. 13. Rencontres autour des Recherches sur les Ruminants, Dec 2006, Paris, France. ⟨hal-02756074⟩

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