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Communication dans un congrès

Genotoxicity assessment of two vineyard pesticides in zebrafish

Abstract : This study deals with the use of a chronic exposure scenario of zebrafish (Danio rerio) in laboratory conditions to evaluate the genotoxic potential of diuron and azoxystrobin, two pesticides intensively used in vineyard agriculture. Adult male zebrafish were exposed during three weeks in the semi static mode in four 20 L aquaria. Treatment allowed to each aquarium was: negative control (untreated), positive control (methyl methane sulphonate 1 µM), diuron 4.3 nM and azoxystrobin 1.2 nM. Once per week, genotoxicity was assessed (6 fish/treatment) by the use of two complementary biomarkers: the primary DNA damages evaluated in somatic (liver) and germ (spermatozoa) cells by the alkaline version of the Comet assay and the micronucleus formation assessed in erythrocytes. Very low basal DNA damages were obtained with both biomarkers in negative control during the three consecutive weeks and a significant genotoxic response was obtained in 1 µM MMS exposed fish, both in liver and germ cells with the Comet assay and in erythrocytes with the micronucleus test, respectively starting after one and three weeks. With this chronic exposure scenario, both diuron and azoxystrobine revealed a genotoxic potential at realistic environmental concentrations and a significant response was obtained in all cell types investigated and with both biomarkers used, mainly after 7 or 14 days, thus stressing the interest of long-term exposure scenario. Further studies will be undertaken in order to evaluate whether DNA damage observed in spermatozoa of fish exposed to environmental concentration of pesticides could lead to subsequent reproductive disorders.
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Communication dans un congrès
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02757150
Déposant : Migration Prodinra <>
Soumis le : mercredi 3 juin 2020 - 23:55:29
Dernière modification le : vendredi 12 juin 2020 - 10:43:26

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Sylvie Bony, Isabelle Gaillard, Alain Devaux. Genotoxicity assessment of two vineyard pesticides in zebrafish. 9. European Conference on Pesticides and Related Organic Micropollutants in the Environment/11th Symposium on Chemistry and Fate of Modern Pesticides, Oct 2008, Marseille, France. ⟨10.1080/03067310903033659⟩. ⟨hal-02757150⟩

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