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Communication dans un congrès

Caractérisation moléculaire, phénotypique et fonctionnelle d'isolats de Trichoderma sp. antagonistes de Rhizoctonia solani

Abstract : The aim of the present study was to characterize sixteen isolates of Trichoderma originating from a field of sugar beet where disease patches caused by Rhizoctonia solani were observed. The isolates were identified using both molecular and morphological characters and both approaches were found complementary. Production of water-soluble and volatile inhibitors, mycoparasitism and induced systemic resistance in plant host were investigated using in vitro and in vivo tests in disinfested and non-disinfested soils. This functional approach revealed the intraspecific diversity as well as biocontrol potential of the different isolates. Different antagonistic mechanisms were evident for different strains. The most antagonistic strain, T30 was identified as T. gamsii. This is the first report of an efficient antagonistic strain of T. gamsii being able to reduce the disease in different conditions. The ability to produce water-soluble inhibitors or coil around the hyphae of the pathogen in vitro was not related to the disease reduction in vivo. Additionally, the strains collected from the high disease areas in the field were better antagonists. The antagonistic activity was not characteristic of a species but that of a population of strains.
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Communication dans un congrès
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02757858
Déposant : Migration Prodinra <>
Soumis le : jeudi 4 juin 2020 - 02:43:38
Dernière modification le : vendredi 12 juin 2020 - 10:43:26

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  • HAL Id : hal-02757858, version 1
  • PRODINRA : 38060

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Christian Steinberg, Muhammad Anees, Arne Tronsmo, Linda Gordon Hjeljord, Cécile Héraud, et al.. Caractérisation moléculaire, phénotypique et fonctionnelle d'isolats de Trichoderma sp. antagonistes de Rhizoctonia solani. Journées Jean Chevaugeon : 8. Rencontres de Phytopathologie - Mycologie, Jan 2010, Aussois, France. n.p. ⟨hal-02757858⟩

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