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Communication dans un congrès

The effect of pathogens and pests on honey bee gene expression

Abstract : The effect of pathogens and pests on honey bee gene expression is a fascinating area of research in itself and can lead to new molecular tools for diagnostics and selection in beekeeping. In this framework, we first investigated Varroa-bee interactions by using a combination of nuc1ear and mitochondrial DNA markers of Varroa destructor to trace the parasite invasion of Apis mellifera since it shifted from A. cerana. The extremely low worldwide mite genetic diversity found on A. mellifera outside Asia contrasts with the variety of known bee phenotypes regarding their response to the parasite. This prompted us to further explore the response of bees to Varroa, by using a transcriptional study. We compared parasitized and non-parasitized full-sister pupae, from two different genetic stocks of bees: one susceptible and one resistant toVarroa. We used a honey bee cDNA microarray, which contained a total of ~ 6,778cDNAs representing ~ 5,500 different genes. We identified a set of genes that showed differential expression as a function of parasitization, another set that showed differential expression as a function of bee genotype, and a set of genes affected byboth factors. These patterns, and some of the genes that define them, are mostly involved in olfaction and sensitivity to stimuli. These results agree with the hypothesis that tolerance to Varroa is linked to a more efficient bee hygienic behaviour. In an ongoing work we further explore this hypothesis. Using q-PCR assays, we try to separate immunological and behavioral bee responses and also parasite effects from bee genotype effects.
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Communication dans un congrès
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02757923
Déposant : Migration Prodinra <>
Soumis le : jeudi 4 juin 2020 - 02:50:44
Dernière modification le : mercredi 23 septembre 2020 - 17:24:19

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26490_20090608125807266_1.pdf
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  • HAL Id : hal-02757923, version 1
  • PRODINRA : 26490

Citation

Maria Navajas Navarro, Jean-Francois Martin, Yves Le Conte, . Queen'S University Belfast. The effect of pathogens and pests on honey bee gene expression. 3. European Conference of Apidology, Sep 2008, Belfast, United Kingdom. ⟨hal-02757923⟩

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