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Communication dans un congrès

Tropical tree hydraulic responses to the 2015-2016 ENSO: A cross-site analysis and insights from a model

Abstract : Background/Question/Methods Tropical forest responses to moisture remain poorly understood, in part because of the large diversity of plant hydraulic traits found therein. Changing moisture regimes, such as more frequent drought events, are expected to interact with these diverse hydraulic traits and other requirements of tropical trees in complex ways, making prediction of ecosystem-scale responses and community compositional trajectories difficult. A first step towards discerning such responses is in the analysis of how plant hydraulic and edaphic conditions control trajectories of individual trees’ water use over pre-drought, drought, and recovery periods. We took advantage of the 2015-2016 ENSO event, which induced drought over much of the tropics, to collect sap flow data on 47 canopy and numerous sub-canopy trees across nine sites in Latin America varying in annual precipitation from 1700 mm to > 3000 mm. This enabled us to determine a range of responses to changes in moisture, both atmospheric (VPD) and in soil. Where available, via measurements on conspecific individuals or species-mean values in trait databases, plant hydraulic traits were associated with individual sap flux trajectories, in addition to site-specific soil properties and climate. Results/Conclusions We found a large heterogeneity of sap flow responses during the ENSO within and among study regions. The diversity of strategies to deal with drought stress was partially explained by species functional traits, background climate and intensity of soil water depletion during the ENSO. Preliminary simulations of drought responses using the Community Land Model coupled to the hydraulically-enabled Functionally Assembled Terrestrial Ecosystem Simulator (CLM-FATES-Hydro) were used to demonstrate multiple mechanisms, both edaphic- and plant trait-related, responsible for the divergence in observed sap flow responses, as well as highlight critical field measurements needed to discern among these mechanisms.
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Communication dans un congrès
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02787983
Déposant : Migration Prodinra <>
Soumis le : vendredi 5 juin 2020 - 02:38:24
Dernière modification le : vendredi 5 février 2021 - 03:36:10

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  • HAL Id : hal-02787983, version 1
  • PRODINRA : 442134

Citation

Bradley Christoffersen, Charlotte Grossiord, Heidi Asbjornsen, Chris Baraloto, Z. Carter Berry, et al.. Tropical tree hydraulic responses to the 2015-2016 ENSO: A cross-site analysis and insights from a model. esa 2018 annual meeting, Aug 2018, New Orleans, United States. ⟨hal-02787983⟩

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