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Exosomes: From functions in host-pathogen interactions and immunity to diagnostic and therapeutic opportunities

Abstract : Since their first description in the 1980s, exosomes, small endosomal-derived extracellular vesicles, have been involved in innate and adaptive immunity through modulating immune responses and mediating antigen presentation. Increasing evidence has reported the role of exosomes in host-pathogen interactions and particularly in the activation of antimicrobial immune responses. The growing interest concerning exosomes in infectious diseases, their accessibility in various body fluids, and their capacity to convey a rich content (e.g., proteins, lipids, and nucleic acids) to distant recipient cells led the scientific community to consider the use of exosomes as potential new diagnostic and therapeutic tools. In this review, we summarize current understandings of exosome biogenesis and their composition and highlight the function of exosomes as immunomodulators in pathological states such as in infectious disorders. The potential of using exosomes as diagnostic and therapeutic tools is also discussed.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02800535
Contributor : Migration Prodinra <>
Submitted on : Friday, June 5, 2020 - 7:29:47 PM
Last modification on : Friday, June 25, 2021 - 9:52:02 AM

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Jessica Carrière, Nicolas Barnich, Thu Nguyen Hang Thi. Exosomes: From functions in host-pathogen interactions and immunity to diagnostic and therapeutic opportunities. Reviews of Physiology, Biochemistry and Pharmacology, 172, SPRINGER-VERLAG BERLIN, pp.37, 2016, Reviews of Physiology Biochemistry and Pharmacology, 978-3-319-49902-4; 978-3-319-49901-7. ⟨10.1007/112_2016_7⟩. ⟨hal-02800535⟩

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