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Adiabatic reduction of models of stochastic gene expression with bursting

Abstract : This paper considers adiabatic reduction in both discrete and continuous models of stochastic gene expression. In gene expression models, the concept of bursting is a production of several molecules simultaneously and is generally represented as a compound Poisson process of random size. In a general two-dimensional birth and death discrete model, we prove that under specific assumptions and scaling (that are characteristics of the mRNA-protein system) an adiabatic reduction leads to a one-dimensional discrete-state space model with bursting production. The burst term appears through the reduction of the first variable. In a two-dimensional continuous model, we also prove that an adiabatic reduction can be performed in a stochastic slow/fast system. In this gene expression model, the production of mRNA (the fast variable) is assumed to be bursty and the production of protein (the slow variable) is linear as a function of mRNA. When the dynamics of mRNA is assumed to be faster than the protein dynamics (due to a mRNA degradation rate larger than for the protein) we prove that, with the appropriate scaling, the bursting phenomena can be transmitted to the slow variable. We show that the reduced equation is either a stochastic differential equation with a jump Markov process or a deterministic ordinary differential equation depending on the scaling that is appropriate. These results are significant because adiabatic reduction techniques seem to have not been applied to a stochastic differential system containing a jump Markov process. Last but not least, for our particular system, the adiabatic reduction allows us to understand what are the necessary conditions for the bursting production-like of protein to occur.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02806255
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  • HAL Id : hal-02806255, version 1
  • PRODINRA : 267176

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Romain Yvinec. Adiabatic reduction of models of stochastic gene expression with bursting. 2013. ⟨hal-02806255⟩

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