The spore coat is essential for Bacillus subtilis spore resistance to pulsed light, and pulsed light treatment eliminates some spore coat proteins - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles International Journal of Food Microbiology Year : 2020

The spore coat is essential for Bacillus subtilis spore resistance to pulsed light, and pulsed light treatment eliminates some spore coat proteins

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Abstract

Microbial surface contamination of equipment or of food contact material is a recurring problem in the food industry. Spore-forming bacteria are far more resistant to a wide variety of treatments than their vegetative forms. Understanding the mechanisms underlying decontamination processes is needed to improve surface decontamination strategies against endospores potentially at the source of foodborne diseases or food-spoilage. Pulsed light (PL) with xenon lamps delivers high-energy short-time pulses of light with wavelengths in the range 200 nm–1100 nm and a high UV-C fraction. Bacillus subtilis spores were exposed to either PL or to continuous UV-C. Gel electrophoresis and western blotting revealed elimination of various proteins of the spore coat, an essential outer structure that protects spores from a wide variety of environmental conditions and inactivation treatments. Proteomic analysis confirmed the elimination of some spore coat proteins after PL treatment. Transmission electron microscopy of PL treated spores revealed a gap between the lamellar inner spore coat and the outer spore coat. Overall, spores of mutant strains with defects in genes coding for spore coat proteins were more sensitive to PL than to continuous UV-C. This study demonstrates that radiations delivered by PL contribute to specific damage to the spore coat, and overall to spore inactivation.
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Dates and versions

hal-02862233 , version 1 (22-08-2022)

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Attribution - NonCommercial - CC BY 4.0

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Gérémy Clair, Julia Esbelin, Sabine Mallea, Isabelle Bornard, Frederic Carlin. The spore coat is essential for Bacillus subtilis spore resistance to pulsed light, and pulsed light treatment eliminates some spore coat proteins. International Journal of Food Microbiology, 2020, 323, pp.108592. ⟨10.1016/j.ijfoodmicro.2020.108592⟩. ⟨hal-02862233⟩
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