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Adaptation of biotrophic leaf pathogens to fertilization-mediated changes in plant traits: A comparison of the optimization principle to invasion fitness

Abstract : One of the conclusions of evolutionary ecology applied to agroecosystem management is that sustainable disease management strategies must be adaptive to overcome the immense adaptive potential of crop pathogens. In this context, knowledge of how pathogens adapt to changes in cultural practices is necessary. In this article we address the issue of the evolutionary response of biotrophic crop pathogens to changes in fertilization practices. For this purpose, we compare predictions of latent period evolution based on three empirical fitness measures (seasonal spore production, within-season exponential growth rate, and area under disease progress curves [AUDPCs]) with predictions based on the concept of invasion fitness from adaptive dynamics. We use pairwise invisibility plots to identify the evolutionarily stable strategies (ESSs) of the pathogen latent period. We find that the ESS latent period is in between the latent periods that maximize the seasonal spore production and the within-season exponential growth rate of the pathogen. The latent periods that maximize the AUDPC are similar to those of the ESS latent periods. The AUDPC may therefore be a critical variable to determine the issue of between-strain competition and shape pathogen evolution.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02867956
Déposant : Anaïs Durivault <>
Soumis le : lundi 15 juin 2020 - 10:51:28
Dernière modification le : jeudi 16 juillet 2020 - 03:50:15

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Pierre-Antoine Précigout, Corinne Robert, David Claessen. Adaptation of biotrophic leaf pathogens to fertilization-mediated changes in plant traits: A comparison of the optimization principle to invasion fitness. Phytopathology, American Phytopathological Society, 2020, 110 (5), pp.1039-1048. ⟨10.1094/PHYTO-08-19-0317-R⟩. ⟨hal-02867956⟩

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