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Caribbean nutrition transition: what can we learn from dietary patterns in the French West Indies?

Abstract : Purpose: Despite the urgency regarding increasing rates of obesity and chronic diseases in the Caribbean, few studies described the nutrition transition. We aimed to provide such information by identifying dietary patterns in the French West Indies and their characteristics. Methods: This cross-sectional analysis included 1144 Guadeloupeans and Martinicans from a multistage sampling survey conducted on a representative sample. Dietary patterns were identified using principal component analysis followed by a clustering procedure, and described using multivariable regression models. Results: Four patterns were identified: (i) a “prudent” pattern characterized by high intakes of fruits, vegetables, legumes, seafood and yogurts, low intakes of fatty and sweet products, and a high Diet Quality Index-International (DQI-I); (ii) a “traditional” pattern characterized by high intakes of fruits, vegetables, tubers and fish, low intakes of red and processed meat, snacks, fast foods, and sweetened beverages, with a high DQI-I, mostly shaped by women and older persons; (iii) a “convenient” pattern characterized by high intakes of sweetened beverages, snacks, and fast foods, with the lowest DQI-I, principally shaped by young participants; (iv) a “transitioning” pattern characterized by high consumptions of bread, processed meat, sauces, alcoholic and sweetened beverages, but also high intakes of tubers, legumes, and fish, mainly shaped by men, middle aged, of whom 35% had metabolic syndrome. Conclusion: The co-existing dietary patterns in the French West Indies, marked by a generational contrast, seem to reflect different steps in dietary change as described in the literature, suggesting an ongoing nutrition transition.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02892328
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Submitted on : Tuesday, August 25, 2020 - 11:34:17 AM
Last modification on : Friday, May 20, 2022 - 9:04:21 AM
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Zoé Colombet, Benjamin Allès, Marlène Perignon, Edwige Landais, yves Martin-Prével, et al.. Caribbean nutrition transition: what can we learn from dietary patterns in the French West Indies?. European Journal of Nutrition, Springer Verlag, 2021, 60, pp.1111-1124. ⟨10.1007/s00394-020-02317-x⟩. ⟨hal-02892328⟩

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