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Integrating independent microbial studies to build predictive models of anaerobic digestion inhibition by ammonia and phenol

Abstract : Anaerobic digestion (AD) is a microbial process that can efficiently degrade organic waste into renewable energies such as methane-rich biogas. However, the underpinning microbial mechanisms are highly vulnerable to a wide range of inhibitory compounds, leading to process failure and economic losses. High-throughput sequencing technologies enable the identification of microbial indicators of digesters inhibition and can provide new insights into the key phylotypes at stake during AD process. But yet, current studies have used different inocula, substrates, geographical sites and types of reactors, resulting in indicators that are not robust or reproducible across independent studies. In addition, such studies focus on the identification of a single microbial indicator that is not reflective of the complexity of AD. Our study proposes the first analysis of its kind that seeks for a robust signature of microbial indicators of phenol and ammonia inhibitions, whilst leveraging on 4 independent in-house and external AD microbial studies. We applied a recent multivariate integrative method on two-in-house studies to identify such signature, then predicted the inhibitory status of samples from two datasets with more than 90% accuracy. Our study demonstrates how we can efficiently analyze existing studies to extract robust microbial community patterns, predict AD inhibition, and deepen our understanding of AD towards better AD microbial management.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, August 23, 2022 - 8:39:51 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, October 25, 2022 - 11:58:11 AM
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Simon Poirier, Sébastien Dejean, Cédric Midoux, Kim-Anh Lê Cao, Olivier Chapleur. Integrating independent microbial studies to build predictive models of anaerobic digestion inhibition by ammonia and phenol. Bioresource Technology, 2020, 316, pp.123952. ⟨10.1016/j.biortech.2020.123952⟩. ⟨hal-02907466⟩



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