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Electrokinetic Propagation of Acid and Base Fronts in Clayey Soil: An Experimental and Numerical Study

Abstract : This paper presents an experimental and numerical investigation of the electrokinetic propagation of acid or base fronts through clayey soil. The experimental study included measuring the electric current, the mass of water extracted, and the advance of the acid and base fronts in synthetic sediment composed of 25% kaolinite and 75% silt. The results show that the flux rate remains constant over time and that the medium acidifies with time. The numerical model is based on the transport equations and, by considering adsorption and auto-ionization of water, it describes the temporal evolution of pH in the specimen. The experimental evaluation of the adsorption isotherms allows us to calculate the retardation factor, which is 69 and 19.5 for the hydronium and hydroxyl ions, respectively. Given these retardation factors, the results of the numerical model are consistent with experimental results and show how the acid and base fronts evolve in a saturated porous medium. Numerical model results show that electromigration is the major contributor to the migration of ions in the porous medium during electrokinetic treatment.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02912274
Contributor : Nathalie Touze <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, August 5, 2020 - 3:29:23 PM
Last modification on : Friday, June 18, 2021 - 10:46:01 AM

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Banambono Forogo, Guillaume Stoltz, Nathalie Touze, Stéphane Bonelli. Electrokinetic Propagation of Acid and Base Fronts in Clayey Soil: An Experimental and Numerical Study. Transport in Porous Media, Springer Verlag, 2020, ⟨10.1007/s11242-020-01457-2⟩. ⟨hal-02912274⟩

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