Accéder directement au contenu Accéder directement à la navigation
Article dans une revue

RAD genotyping reveals fine-scale genetic structuring and provides powerful population assignment in a widely distributed marine species, the American lobster ( Homarus americanus )

Abstract : Deciphering genetic structure and inferring connectivity in marine species have been challenging due to weak genetic differentiation and limited resolution offered by traditional genotypic methods. The main goal of this study was to assess how a population genomics framework could help delineate the genetic structure of the American lobster (Homarus americanus) throughout much of the species' range and increase the assignment success of individuals to their location of origin. We genotyped 10156 filtered SNPs using RAD sequencing to delineate genetic structure and perform population assignment for 586 American lobsters collected in 17 locations distributed across a large portion of the species' natural distribution range. Our results revealed the existence of a hierarchical genetic structure, first separating lobsters from the northern and southern part of the range (F-CT=0.0011; P-value=0.0002) and then revealing a total of 11 genetically distinguishable populations (mean F-ST=0.00185; CI: 0.0007-0.0021, P-value<0.0002), providing strong evidence for weak, albeit fine-scale population structuring within each region. A resampling procedure showed that assignment success was highest with a subset of 3000 SNPs having the highest F-ST. Applying Anderson's (Molecular Ecology Resources, 2010, 10, 701) method to avoid high-grading bias', 94.2% and 80.8% of individuals were correctly assigned to their region and location of origin, respectively. Lastly, we showed that assignment success was positively associated with sample size. These results demonstrate that using a large number of SNPs improves fine-scale population structure delineation and population assignment success in a context of weak genetic structure. We discuss the implications of these findings for the conservation and management of highly connected marine species, particularly regarding the geographic scale of demographic independence.
Type de document :
Article dans une revue
Liste complète des métadonnées

https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02921372
Déposant : Charles Perrier <>
Soumis le : mardi 25 août 2020 - 10:11:31
Dernière modification le : mercredi 26 août 2020 - 03:30:21

Lien texte intégral

Identifiants

Citation

Laura Benestan, Thierry Gosselin, Charles Perrier, Bernard Sainte-Marie, Rémy Rochette, et al.. RAD genotyping reveals fine-scale genetic structuring and provides powerful population assignment in a widely distributed marine species, the American lobster ( Homarus americanus ). Molecular Ecology, Wiley, 2015, 24 (13), pp.3299-3315. ⟨10.1111/mec.13245⟩. ⟨hal-02921372⟩

Partager

Métriques

Consultations de la notice

30