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Comparative proteomics in the wild: Accounting for intrapopulation variability improves describing proteome response in a Gammarus pulex field population exposed to cadmium

Abstract : High-throughput proteomics can be performed on animal sentinels for discovering key molecular biomarkers signing the physiological response and adaptation of organisms. Ecotoxicoproteomics is today amenable by means of proteogenomics to small arthropods such as Gammarids which are well known sentinels of aquatic environments. Here, we analysed two regional Gammarus pulex populations to characterize the potential proteome divergence induced in one site by natural bioavailable mono-metallic contamination (cadmium) compared to a non-contaminated site. Two RNAseq-derived protein sequence databases were established previously on male and female individuals sampled from the reference site. Here, individual proteomes were acquired on 10 male and 10 female paired organisms sampled from each site. Proteins involved in protein lipidation, carbohydrate metabolism, proteolysis, innate immunity, oxidative stress response and lipid transport were found more abundant in animals exposed to cadmium, while hemocyanins were found in lower abundance. The intrapopulation proteome variability of long-term exposed G. pulex was inflated relatively to the non-contaminated population. These results show that, while remaining a challenge for such organisms with not yet sequenced genomes, taking into account intrapopulation variability is important to better define the molecular players induced by toxic stress in a comparative field proteomics approach.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02922064
Contributor : Davide Degli Esposti <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, August 25, 2020 - 5:32:47 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, June 2, 2021 - 4:52:05 PM

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Yannick Cogne, Christine Almunia, Duarte Gouveia, Olivier Pible, Adeline François, et al.. Comparative proteomics in the wild: Accounting for intrapopulation variability improves describing proteome response in a Gammarus pulex field population exposed to cadmium. Aquatic Toxicology, Elsevier, 2019, 214, pp.105244. ⟨10.1016/j.aquatox.2019.105244⟩. ⟨hal-02922064⟩

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