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Power and limits of selection genome scans on temporal data from a selfing population

Résumé : Tracking genetic changes of populations through time allows a more direct study of the evolutionary processes acting on the population than a single contemporary sample. Several statistical methods have been developed to characterize the demography and selection from temporal population genetic data. However, these methods are usually developed under the assumption of outcrossing reproduction and might not be applicable when there is substantial selfing in the population. Here, we focus on a method to detect loci under selection based on a genome scan of temporal differentiation, adapting it to the particularities of selfing populations. Selfing reduces the effective recombination rate and can extend hitch-hiking effects to the whole genome, erasing any local signal of selection on a genome scan. Therefore, selfing is expected to reduce the power of the method. By means of simulations, we evaluate the performance of the method under scenarios of adaptation from new mutations or standing variation at different rates of selfing. We find that the detection of loci under selection in predominantly selfing populations remains challenging even with the adapted method. Still, selective sweeps from standing variation on predominantly selfing populations can leave some signal of selection around the selected site thanks to historical recombination before the sweep. Under this scenario, ancestral advantageous alleles at low frequency leave the strongest local signal, while new advantageous mutations leave no local footprint of the sweep.
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Preprints, Working Papers, ...
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Contributor : Miguel Navascués <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, August 25, 2020 - 6:33:20 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, March 4, 2021 - 3:24:51 PM

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Miguel Navascués, Arnaud Becheler, Laurène Gay, Joëlle Ronfort, Karine Loridon, et al.. Power and limits of selection genome scans on temporal data from a selfing population. 2020. ⟨hal-02922124⟩



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