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Toward the understanding of the interfacial dairy fouling deposition and growth mechanisms at a stainless steel surface: A multiscale approach

Abstract : The microstructures of two dairy fouling deposits obtained at a stainless steel surface after different processing times in a pilot plate heat exchanger were investigated at different scales. Electron-Probe Micro Analysis, Time-of-Flight Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry, Atomic Force Microscopy, and X-Ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy techniques were used for this purpose. The two model fouling solutions were made by rehydrating whey protein in water containing calcium or not. Results on samples collected after 2 h processing show that the microstructure of the fouling layers is completely different depending on calcium content: the layer is thin, smooth, and homogeneous in absence of calcium and on the contrary very thick and rough in presence of calcium. Analyses on substrates submitted to 1 min fouling reveal that fouling mechanisms are initiated by the deposit of unfolded proteins on the substrate and start immediately till the first seconds of exposure with no lag time. In presence of calcium, amorphous calcium carbonate nuclei are detected in addition to unfolded proteins at the interface, and it is shown that the protein precedes the deposit of calcium on the substrate. Moreover, it is evidenced that amorphous calcium carbonate particles are stabilized by the unfolded protein. They are thus more easily trapped in the steel roughnesses and contribute to accelerate the deposit buildup, offering due to their larger characteristic dimension more roughness and favorable conditions for the subsequent unfolded protein to depose.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02925103
Contributor : Guillaume Delaplace <>
Submitted on : Friday, August 28, 2020 - 4:44:02 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, April 7, 2021 - 10:32:11 AM

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M. Jimenez, G. Delaplace, N. Nuns, S. Bellayer, D. Deresmes, et al.. Toward the understanding of the interfacial dairy fouling deposition and growth mechanisms at a stainless steel surface: A multiscale approach. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Elsevier, 2013, 404, pp.192-200. ⟨10.1016/j.jcis.2013.04.021⟩. ⟨hal-02925103⟩

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