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The role of microbiota in tissue repair and regeneration

Abstract : A comprehensive understanding of the human body endogenous microbiota is essential for acquiring an insight into the involvement of microbiota in tissue healing and regeneration process in order to enable development of biomaterials with a better integration with human body environment. Biomaterials used for biomedical applications are normally germ-free, and the human body as the host of the biomaterials is not germ-free. The complexity and role of the body microbiota in tissue healing/regeneration have been underestimated historically. Traditionally, studies aiming at the development of novel biomaterials had focused on the effects of environment within the target tissue, neglecting the signals generated from the microbiota and their impact on tissue regeneration. The significance of the human body microbiota in relation to metabolism, immune system, and consequently tissue regeneration has been recently realised and is a growing research field. This review summarises recent findings on the role of microbiota and mechanisms involved in tissue healing and regeneration, in particular skin, liver, bone, and nervous system regrowth and regeneration highlighting the potential new roles of microbiota for development of a new generation of biomaterials.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02928505
Contributor : Philippe Gérard <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, September 2, 2020 - 3:44:47 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, June 15, 2021 - 2:57:33 PM

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Amin Shavandi, Pouya Saeedi, Philippe Gerard, Esmat Jalalvandi, David Cannella, et al.. The role of microbiota in tissue repair and regeneration. Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine, John Wiley & Sons Ltd., 2020, 14 (3), pp.539-555. ⟨10.1002/term.3009⟩. ⟨hal-02928505⟩

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