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In Vitro Evolution of an Archetypal Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli Strain

Abstract : Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) is a leading cause of infantile diarrhea in developing countries. EPEC strain E2348/69 is used worldwide as a prototype to study EPEC genetics and disease. However, isolates of E2348/69 differ phenotypically, reflecting a history of in vitro selection. To identify the genomic and phenotypic changes in the prototype strain, we sequenced the genome of the nalidixic acid-resistant (Nal(r)) E2348/69 clone. We also sequenced a recent nleF mutant derived by one-step PCR mutagenesis from the Nal(r) strain. The sequencing results revealed no unintended changes between the mutant and the parent strain. However, loss of the pE2348-2 plasmid and 3 nonsynonymous mutations were found in comparison to the published streptomycin- resistant (Strr) E2348/69 reference genome. One mutation is a conservative amino acid substitution in ftsK. Another, in gyrA, is a mutation known to result in resistance to nalidixic acid. The third mutation converts a stop codon to a tryptophan, predicted to result in the fusion of hflD, the lysogenization regulator, to purB. The purB gene encodes an adenylosuccinate lyase involved in purine biosynthesis. The Nal(r) clone has a lower growth rate than the Strr isolate when cultured in minimal media, a difference which is corrected upon addition of adenine or by genetic complementation with purB. Addition of adenine or genetic complementation also restored the invasion efficiency of the Nal(r) clone. This report reconciles longstanding inconsistencies in phenotypic properties of an archetypal strain and provides both reassurance and cautions regarding intentional and unintentional evolution in vitro.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02935525
Contributor : Nougayrede Jean-Philippe <>
Submitted on : Thursday, September 10, 2020 - 2:08:29 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, May 8, 2021 - 3:39:06 AM

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S. Nisa, T. Hazen, L. Assatourian, Jean-Philippe Nougayrède, D. Rasko, et al.. In Vitro Evolution of an Archetypal Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli Strain. Journal of Bacteriology, American Society for Microbiology, 2013, 195 (19), pp.4476-4483. ⟨10.1128/JB.00704-13⟩. ⟨hal-02935525⟩

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