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Ozonation of three different fungal conidia associated with apple disease: Importance of spore surface and membrane phospholipid oxidation

Abstract : Although ozone (O-3) is a well-known bactericide and fungicide, the required dose of ozone can depend significantly on the targeted pathogens. The present research evaluates the variation in sensibility to ozone of three fungal species from a single fungal group. The three fungal species selected,Venturia inaequalis,Botrytis cinerea, andNeofabreae alba, belong to the Ascomycota group and attack apples. The fungi were exposed to ozone by bubbling directly into the spore solutions (treatment period ranged from 0.5 to 4 min, ozone concentration in inlet gas ranged from 1 to 30 g/m(3)). The rates of germination were determined, and the level of peroxidation of the lipid membrane was quantified based on the malondialdehyde (MDA) production. The results indicate that ozone effectively reduces spore development and suggest that the fungi differ in sensitivity. To reduce by 50% the spore germination rate ofN. alba,B. cinerea, andV. inaequalisrequires ozone doses of 0.01, 0.03, and 0.07 mg/ml, respectively. Spore sensitivity seems to be directly linked to spore surface. For all the fungal species, the MDA level and the level of spore inactivation both increase with ozone dose, which confirms that ozone alters the cell membrane.
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Submitted on : Thursday, September 10, 2020 - 3:38:17 PM
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Marielle Pagès, Didier Kleiber, Frédéric Violleau. Ozonation of three different fungal conidia associated with apple disease: Importance of spore surface and membrane phospholipid oxidation. Food Sciences and Nutrition, John Libbey & Company Ltd., 2020, ⟨10.1002/fsn3.1618⟩. ⟨hal-02935689⟩

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