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Challenges with Managing Disease Complexes during Application of Different Measures Against Foliar Diseases of Field Pea

Abstract : Studies were undertaken across five field locations in Western Australia to determine the relative changes in disease severity and subsequent field pea yield from up to four foliar pathogens associated with a field pea foliar disease complex (viz. Didymella, Phoma, Peronospora, Septoria), across four different pea varieties sown at three different times and at three different densities. Delaying sowing of field pea significantly (P<0.05) reduced severity of Ascochyta blight (all five locations) and Septoria blight (1 location), increased severity of downy mildew (4 locations), but had no effect on seed yield. In relation to Ascochyta blight severity at 80 days after sowing, at all locations the early time of sowing had significantly (P<0.05) more severe Ascochyta blight than the mid and late times of sowing. Increasing actual plant density from 20-25 plants m-2 to 58-78 plants m-2 significantly (P<0.05) increased the severity of the Ascochyta blight (4 locations) and downy mildew (1 location), and increased seed yield at four locations irrespective of sowing date and three locations irrespective of variety. Compared with varieties Dundale, Wirrega and Pennant, variety Alma showed significantly (P<0.05) less severe Ascochyta blight (1 location), downy mildew (1 location) and Septoria blight (1 location). Grain yield was highest for the early time of sowing at three locations. Varieties Alma, Dundale and Wirrega significantly (P<0.05) out yielded Pennant at four locations. The percentage of isolations of individual Ascochyta blight pathogens at 80 days after the first time of sowing varied greatly, with Didymella ranging 25-93% and Phoma from 6-23% across the five field locations. This fluctuating nature of individual pathogen types and proportions within the Ascochyta blight complex, along with variation
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Submitted on : Monday, September 14, 2020 - 9:19:19 AM
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Martin John Barbetti, Tanveer N., Ian Pritchard, Jay-Ram Lamichhane, Jean-Noël Aubertot, et al.. Challenges with Managing Disease Complexes during Application of Different Measures Against Foliar Diseases of Field Pea. Plant Disease, American Phytopathological Society, In press, 30 p. ⟨hal-02937483⟩

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