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Sulphur availability modulates Arabidopsis thaliana responses to iron deficiency

Abstract : Among the mineral nutrients that are required for plant metabolism, iron (Fe) and sulphur (S) play a central role as both elements are needed for the activity of several proteins involved in essential cellular processes. A combination of physiological, biochemical and molecular approaches was employed to investigate how S availability influences plant response to Fe deficiency, using the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana. We first observed that chlorosis symptom induced by Fe deficiency was less pronounced when S availability was scarce. We thus found that S deficiency inhibited the Fe deficiency induced expression of several genes associated with the maintenance of Fe homeostasis. This includes structural genes involved in Fe uptake (i.e. IRT1, FRO2, PDR9, NRAMP1) and transport (i.e. FRD3, NAS4) as well as a subset of their upstream regulators, namely BTS, PYE and the four clade Ib bHLH. Last, we found that the over accumulation of manganese (Mn) in response to Fe shortage was reduced under combined Fe and S deficiencies. These data suggest that S deficiency inhibits the Fe deficiency dependent induction of the Fe uptake machinery. This in turn limits the transport into the root and the plant body of potentially toxic divalent cations such as Mn and Zn, thus limiting the deleterious effect of Fe deprivation
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Contributor : Chantal Baracco <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, May 25, 2021 - 11:25:28 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, June 3, 2021 - 2:50:04 PM

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Kevin Robe, Fei Gao, Pauline Bonillo, Nicolas Tissot, Frédéric Gaymard, et al.. Sulphur availability modulates Arabidopsis thaliana responses to iron deficiency. PLoS ONE, Public Library of Science, 2020, 15 (8), pp.e0237998. ⟨10.1371/journal.pone.0237998⟩. ⟨hal-02943146⟩

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