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Insights from ScS-S measurements on deep mantle attenuation

Abstract : We apply a recently developed method based on the instantaneous frequency to analyze broadband seismic data recorded by the transportable USArray. We measure in the frequency band [0.018-0.2] Hz about 700 high-quality differential ScS-S anelastic delay times, δt ⋆ ScS-S , sampling the mantle below Central America and below Alaska that we compare to elastic delay times, δt ScS-S , obtained by cross-correlating the S and ScS signals. We confirm that the instantaneous frequency matching method is more robust than the classical spectral ratio method. By a series of careful analyses of the effects of signal-to-noise ratio, source mechanism characteristics and possible phase interferences on measurements of differential anelastic delay times, we demonstrate that in order to obtain accurate values of δt n ScS-S the seismic records must be rigorously selected. In spite of the limited number of data that satisfy our quality criteria, we recover, using an additional stacking procedure, a clear dependence of δt ⋆ ScS-S on the epicentral distance in the two regions. The absence of correlation between the obtained anelastic and elastic delay-times indicates a complex compositional-thermal origin of the attenuation structure, or effects of scattering by small scale structure, in accordance with possible presence of subducted material. The regional 1-D inversions of our measurements indicate a non-uniform lower mantle attenuation structure: a zone with high attenuation in the mid-lower mantle (Q μ ≈250) and a low attenuation layer at its base (Q μ ≈450). A comparison of our results with low-frequency normal-model Q models is consistent with frequency-dependent attenuation with Q μ ∝ω α and α ¼ 0:1-0:2 (i.e. less attenuation at higher frequencies), although possible effects of lateral variations in Q in the deep mantle add some uncertainty to these values.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02944820
Contributor : Stephanie Durand <>
Submitted on : Monday, September 21, 2020 - 5:04:59 PM
Last modification on : Monday, December 7, 2020 - 4:58:02 PM

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S Durand, J Matas, S Ford, Y Ricard, B Romanowicz, et al.. Insights from ScS-S measurements on deep mantle attenuation. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, Elsevier, 2013, ⟨10.1016/j.epsl.2013.05.026⟩. ⟨hal-02944820⟩

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