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Simulation of potential epidemics of downy mildew of grapevine in different scenarios of disease conduciveness

Abstract : The parameterisation process of a previously developed modelling structure of the grapevine-downy mildew pathosystem is described. The model incorporates primary and secondary infections, host crop growth and development, along with a linkage between disease on foliage and disease on clusters. This process-based model was developed with a main objective of understanding the behaviour of the pathosystem under different, variable, environmental conditions, or under climate change. Six scenarios of disease conduciveness were developed in order to capture the range of environmental conditions under which potential downy mildew of grapevine epidemics can develop. These climate scenarios were based on moisture and temperature factors. The scenarios were translated into vectors of parameters for primary and secondary infections in the model. Model testing was performed in three steps: (i) an analysis of potential epidemics was conducted from the literature on grapevine downy mildew in order to delineate the behaviour of the pathosystem under different scenarios; (ii) a simulation experiment was conducted to investigate the response of the model to different patterns of environmental conditions, corresponding to six scenarios of disease conduciveness; and (iii) expected and simulated epidemics under these scenarios were compared. In scenarios, the model mobilised existing quantitative information on downy mildew of grapevine and generated outputs that are congruent with expected patterns of potential epidemic. This study indicates that the model is a reliable tool for simulating accurate and robust potential epidemics of downy mildew of grapevine in a scenario analysis. This can have many applications , such as the understanding of the behaviour of the pathosystem under climate change or when partial host resistance is involved.
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Contributor : Laetitia Willocquet <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, September 23, 2020 - 10:50:30 AM
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Federica Bove, Serge Savary, Laetitia Willocquet, Vittorio Rossi. Simulation of potential epidemics of downy mildew of grapevine in different scenarios of disease conduciveness. European Journal of Plant Pathology, Springer Verlag, In press, Online, 16p. ⟨10.1007/s10658-020-02085-8⟩. ⟨hal-02946487⟩



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