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The Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli Effector Cif Induces Delayed Apoptosis in Epithelial Cells

Abstract : The cycle inhibiting factor (Cif) belongs to a family of bacterial toxins, the cyclomodulins, which modulate the host cell cycle. Upon injection into the host cell by the type III secretion system of enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC), Cif induces both G(2) and G(1) cell cycle arrests. The cell cycle arrests correlate with the accumulation of p21(waf1) and p27(kip1) proteins that inhibit CDK-cyclin complexes, whose activation is required for G(1)/S and G(2)/M transitions. Increases of p21 and p27 levels are independent of p53 transcriptional induction and result from protein stabilization through inhibition of the ubiquitin/proteasome degradation pathway. In this study, we show that Cif not only induces cell cycle arrest but also eventually provokes a delayed cell death. Indeed, 48 h after infection with EPEC expressing Cif, cultured IEC-6 intestinal cells were positive for extracellular binding of annexin V and exhibited high levels of cleaved caspase-3 and lactate dehydrogenase release, indicating evidence of apoptosis. Cif was necessary and sufficient for inducing this late apoptosis, and the cysteine residue of the catalytic site was required for Cif activity. These results highlight a more complex role of Cif than previously thought, as a cyclomodulin but also as an apoptosis inducer.
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Contributor : Frederic Taieb <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, September 29, 2020 - 5:23:39 PM
Last modification on : Friday, June 4, 2021 - 4:44:01 PM

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Ascel Samba-Louaka, Jean-Philippe Nougayrède, Claude Watrin, Eric Oswald, Frederic Taieb. The Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli Effector Cif Induces Delayed Apoptosis in Epithelial Cells. Infection and Immunity, American Society for Microbiology, 2009, 77 (12), pp.5471-5477. ⟨10.1128/IAI.00860-09⟩. ⟨hal-02952996⟩



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