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Journal Articles International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow Year : 2020

Experimental analysis of the flow characteristics of a pressure-atomised spray

Abstract

An experimental setup has been created to allow measurements of the properties of the gas phase, the liquid phase and the mixture in a pressure-atomised spray of water, in terms of both mean quantities and Reynolds stresses. This setup involves laser Doppler velocimetry for determining the velocity of either the gas or liquid phase, according to the parameters used, such as seeding or no-seeding of the ambient air, laser source power, or photo-multiplier gains, droplet tracking velocimetry for determining the velocity and characteristic size of the droplets, and a single optical probe for determining the mean volume fraction of the liquid, from which the liquid mean mass fraction and the mean density of the mixture are inferred. The experimental conditions, in particular in terms of liquid and gas Weber numbers, were chosen in a range for which the liquid phase turbulent kinetic energy should be mainly responsible for the liquid jetprimary break-up, these flow conditions lying within the second wind-induced atomization regime. Results reported herein are more specifically focused on the region ranging from 400 nozzle diameters to 800 nozzle diameters, where the liquid core is disrupted. They provide new information about the formation and properties of such pressure-atomised sprays, in particular in terms of the role played by the Reynolds stresses resulting from the slip velocity between the liquid and the gas. The mean slip velocity is directly related to the turbulent flux of liquid. Such information will be used in the future to develop new turbulence models since very limited experimental information is so far available for these terms.
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Dates and versions

hal-02959857 , version 1 (01-06-2022)

Licence

Attribution - NonCommercial - NoDerivatives

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Francisco Felis, Séverine Tomas, Ariane Vallet, Muriel Amielh, Fabien Anselmet. Experimental analysis of the flow characteristics of a pressure-atomised spray. International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow, 2020, 85, ⟨10.1016/j.ijheatfluidflow.2020.108624⟩. ⟨hal-02959857⟩
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