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Self-(in)compatibility analysis of apricot germplasm in Tunisia: S-RNase allele identification, S-genotype determination and crop history evolution

Abstract : Apricot (Prunus armeniaca L.) exhibits a gametophytic self-incompatibility (GSI) system and is mostly considered to be a self-incompatible species though numerous self-compatible exceptions occur. A set of 68 local Tunisian apricot accessions coming from different geographic areas was examined by PCR analysis of the S-loci genotypes. Up to nine S-alleles were detected within the Tunisian apricot germplasm allocating the studied accessions into 14 cross-incompatibility groups, nine of them newly identified in this study. Self-compatible accessions carrying the SC-allele were revealed for the first time within the Tunisian apricot germplasm. The heterogeneous distribution of the apricot S-alleles confirmed the species’ domestication and diffusion history from the Irano-Caucasian region to North-Africa. The knowledge of incompatibility relationships among apricot accessions can be a highly valuable tool for the development of future breeding programs by selecting the appropriate parents and for efficient orchard design by planting a combination of self-compatible and inter-compatible accessions.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02965499
Contributor : Bénédicte Quilot-Turion <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, October 13, 2020 - 12:12:24 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, December 3, 2020 - 4:46:07 PM

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Ayda Boubakri, Lamia Krichen, Mohamed-Amine Batnini, Neila Trifi-Farah, Guillaume Roch, et al.. Self-(in)compatibility analysis of apricot germplasm in Tunisia: S-RNase allele identification, S-genotype determination and crop history evolution. Scientia Horticulturae, Elsevier, 2021, 276, pp.109758. ⟨10.1016/j.scienta.2020.109758⟩. ⟨hal-02965499⟩

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