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Exploration and Modulation of Antibody Fragment Biophysical Properties by Replacing the Framework Region Sequences

Abstract : In order to increase the successful development of recombinant antibodies and fragments, it seems fundamental to enhance their expression and/or biophysical properties, such as the thermal, chemical, and pH stabilities. In this study, we employed a method bases on replacing the antibody framework region sequences, in order to promote more particularly single-chain Fragment variable (scFv) product quality. We provide evidence that mutations of the VH- C-C′ loop might significantly improve the prokaryote production of well-folded and functional fragments with a production yield multiplied by 27 times. Additional mutations are accountable for an increase in the thermal (+19.6 °C) and chemical (+1.9 M) stabilities have also been identified. Furthermore, the hereby-produced fragments have shown to remain stable at a pH of 2.0, which avoids molecule functional and structural impairments during the purification process. Lastly, this study provides relevant information to the understanding of the relationship between the antibodies amino acid sequences and their respective biophysical properties.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02967864
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Submitted on : Thursday, October 22, 2020 - 2:40:44 PM
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Thomas Cnudde, Zineb Lakhrif, Justine Bourgoin, Fanny Boursin, Catherine Horiot, et al.. Exploration and Modulation of Antibody Fragment Biophysical Properties by Replacing the Framework Region Sequences. Antibodies, MDPI, 2020, 9 (2), 17 p. ⟨10.3390/antib9020009⟩. ⟨hal-02967864⟩

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