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Performance of Ooencyrtus kuvanae (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae) on two host species, Halyomorpha halys and Philosamia ricini

Abstract : The brown marmorated stink bug, Halyomorpha halys, is an invasive agricultural pest of fruit trees and vegetables. Egg parasitoids play a key role in the reducing of H. halys populations. Ooencyrtus kuvanae (Howard) (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae) can parasitize H. halys and complete its life cycle in this host species. Many factors can influence this parasitoid–host relationship. Of these factors, we evaluated the effect of female age, exposure time, and host species on the biological characteristics and fecundity of O. kuvanae reared on eggs of H. halys as well as another previously known host Philosamia ricini (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae). In this study, we used a 3‐year‐old laboratory colony of O. kuvanae. Parasitism rates positively affected by exposure time in P. ricini. The highest parasitism rates were obtained in 5‐ and 7‐day‐old females of both hosts. The highest emergence rates were recorded on P. ricini for 5‐ and 7‐day‐old female P. ricini (81.8% and 84.8%, respectively). The development time of O. kuvanae ranged from 18.4 to 19.1 days on H. halys and 17.7 to 18.3 days on P. ricini. The longevity of O. kuvanae that were provided honey was 38.5 and 47.8 days on H. halys and P. ricini, respectively. The longevity of O. kuvanae that were not provided honey was 2.3 and 2.8 days on H. halys and P. ricini, respectively. The sex ratio was male‐biased (36.5% female) on H. halys and female‐biased (55.2% female) on P. ricini. Fecundity of O. kuvanae was 37.7 and 59.6 progeny per female for H. halys and P. ricini, respectively. The performance of O. kuvanae was lower when compared with its performance on the host P. ricini. Our results suggest that O. kuvanae has potential as new biological control agent for H. halys.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02967868
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Submitted on : Thursday, October 15, 2020 - 11:15:38 AM
Last modification on : Friday, May 7, 2021 - 9:40:06 AM

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Hilal Tunca, Benjamin Cosic, Etty‐ambre Colombel, Marine Venard, Mathilde Capelli, et al.. Performance of Ooencyrtus kuvanae (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae) on two host species, Halyomorpha halys and Philosamia ricini. Journal of Applied Entomology, Wiley, 2020, ⟨10.1111/jen.12825⟩. ⟨hal-02967868⟩

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