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Anti-Müllerian hormone production in the ovary: a comparative study in bovine and porcine granulosa cells

Abstract : In this study, we aimed to determine the origin of the difference, in terms of anti-Müllerian hormone production, existing between the bovine and porcine ovaries. We first confirmed by quantitative real-time-Polymerase-Chain Reaction, ELISA assay and immunohistochemistry that anti-Müllerian hormone mRNA and protein production are very low in porcine ovarian growing follicles compared to bovine ones. We then have transfected porcine and bovine granulosa cells with vectors containing the luciferase gene driven by the porcine or the bovine anti-Müllerian hormone promoter. These transfection experiments showed that the porcine anti-Müllerian hormone promoter is less active and less responsive to bone morphogenetic protein stimulations than the bovine promoter in both porcine and bovine cells. Moreover, bovine but not porcine granulosa cells were responsive to bone morphogenetic protein stimulation after transfection of a plasmidic construction including a strong response element to the bone morphogenetic proteins (12 repetitions of the GCCG sequence) upstream of the luciferase reporter gene. We also showed that SMAD6, an inhibitor of the SMAD1-5-8 pathway, is strongly expressed in porcine compared to the bovine granulosa cells. Overall, these results suggest that the low expression of anti-Müllerian hormone in porcine growing follicles is due to both a lack of activity/sensitivity of the porcine anti-Müllerian hormone promoter, and to the lack of responsiveness of porcine granulosa cells to bone morphogenetic protein signaling, potentially due to an overexpression of SMAD6 compared to bovine granulosa cells. We propose that the low levels of anti-Müllerian hormone in the pig would explain the poly-ovulatory phenotype in this species.
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Contributor : Nathalie Katy Chanteloup Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Wednesday, October 21, 2020 - 10:16:16 AM
Last modification on : Friday, October 28, 2022 - 2:09:04 PM

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Anthony Estienne, Peggy Jarrier, Christophe Staub, Eric Venturi, Yves Le Vern, et al.. Anti-Müllerian hormone production in the ovary: a comparative study in bovine and porcine granulosa cells. Biology of Reproduction, 2020, 103 (3), pp.572-582. ⟨10.1093/biolre/ioaa077⟩. ⟨hal-02973613⟩



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