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Stability of oxylipins during plasma generation and long-term storage

Abstract : Oxidized unsaturated fatty acids - i.e. eicosanoids and other oxylipins - are lipid mediators involved in the regulation of numerous physiological functions such as inflammation, blood coagulation, vascular tone and endothelial permeability. They have raised strong interest in clinical lipidomics in order to understand their role in health and diseases and their use as biomarkers. However, before the clinical translation, it is crucial to validate the analytical reliability of oxylipins. This notably requires to assess the putative artificial formation or degradation of oxylipins by (unsuitable) blood handling during plasma generation, storage and sample preparation. Using a liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry method covering 133 oxylipins we comprehensively analyzed the total (free + esterified) oxylipin profile in plasma and investigated the influence of i) addition of additives during sample preparation, ii) different storage times and temperatures during the transitory stage of plasma generation and iii) long-term storage of plasma samples at -80 degrees C. Addition of radical scavenger butylated hydroxytoluene reduced the apparent concentrations of hydroxy-PUFA and thus should be added to the samples at the beginning of sample preparation. The concentrations of all oxylipin classes remained stable (within analytical variance of 20%) during the transitory stage of plasma generation up to 24 h at 4 degrees C or 4 h at 20 degrees C before centrifugation of EDTA-whole blood and up to 5 days at - 20 degrees C after plasma separation. The variations in oxylipin concentrations did not correlate with storage time, storage temperature or stage of plasma generation. A significant increase of potentially lipoxygenase derived hydroxy-PUFA compared to immediate processing was only detected when samples were stored for longer times before centrifugation, plasma separation as well as freezing of plasma revealing residual enzymatic activity. Autoxidative rather than enzymatic processes led to a slightly increased concentration of 9-HETE when plasma samples were stored at - 80 degrees C for 15 months. Overall, we demonstrate that total plasma oxylipins are robust regarding delays during plasma generation and long-term storage at -80 degrees C supporting the application of oxylipin profiling in clinical research.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02982491
Déposant : Sabine Rossi <>
Soumis le : mercredi 28 octobre 2020 - 16:03:13
Dernière modification le : jeudi 29 octobre 2020 - 03:26:54

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Elisabeth Koch, Malwina Mainka, Céline Dalle, Annika Ostermann, Katharina Rund, et al.. Stability of oxylipins during plasma generation and long-term storage. Talanta, Elsevier, 2020, 217, pp.121074. ⟨10.1016/j.talanta.2020.121074⟩. ⟨hal-02982491⟩

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