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The Potential of HTS Approaches for Accurate Genotyping in Grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.)

Urban Kunej 1 Aida Dervishi 2 Valérie Laucou 3 Jernej Jakše 1 Nataša Štajner 1
3 DAAV - Diversité, Adaptation et Amélioration de la Vigne [AGAP]
UMR AGAP - Amélioration génétique et adaptation des plantes méditerranéennes et tropicales
Abstract : The main challenge associated with genotyping based on conventional length polymorphisms is the cross-laboratory standardization of allele sizes. This step requires the inclusion of standards and manual sizing to avoid false results. Capillary electrophoresis (CE) approaches limit the information to the length polymorphism and do not allow the determination of a complete marker sequence. As an alternative, high-throughput sequencing (HTS) offers complete information regarding marker sequences and their flanking regions. In this work, we investigated the suitability of a semi-quantitative sequencing approach for microsatellite genotyping using Illumina paired-end technology. Twelve microsatellite loci that are well established for grapevine CE typing were analysed on 96 grapevine samples from six different countries. We redesigned primers to the length of the amplicon for short sequencing (~100 bp). The primer pair was flanked with a 10 bp overhang for the introduction of barcodes on both sides of the amplicon to enable high multiplexing. The highest data peaks were determined as simple sequence repeat (SSR) alleles and compared with the CE dataset based on 12 reference samples. The comparison showed that HTS SSR genotyping can successfully replace the CE system in further experiments. We believe that, with next-generation sequencing, genotyping can be improved in terms of its speed, accuracy, and price.
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Urban Kunej, Aida Dervishi, Valérie Laucou, Jernej Jakše, Nataša Štajner. The Potential of HTS Approaches for Accurate Genotyping in Grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.). Genes, MDPI, 2020, 11 (8), 16 p. ⟨10.3390/genes11080917⟩. ⟨hal-02990444⟩

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