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Identification of a 350-kDa ClpP Protease Complex with 10 Different Clp Isoforms in Chloroplasts of Arabidopsis thaliana

Abstract : A 350-kDa ClpP protease complex with 10 different subunits was identified in chloroplast of Arabidopsis thaliana, using Blue-Native gel electrophoresis, followed by matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight and nano-electrospray tandem mass spectrometry. The complex was copurified with the thylakoid membranes, and all identified Clp subunits show chloroplast targeting signals, supporting that this complex is indeed localized in the chloroplast. The complex contains chloroplast-encoded pClpP and six nuclear-encoded proteins nCpP1-6, as well as two unassigned Clp homologues (nClpP7, nClpP8). An additional Clp protein was identified in this complex; it does not belong to any of the known Clp genes families and is here assigned ClpS1. Expression and accumulation of several of these Clp proteins have never been shown earlier. Sequence and phylogenetic tree analysis suggests that nClpP5, nClpP2, and nClpP8 are not catalytically active and form a new group of Clp higher plant proteins, orthologous to the cyanobacterial ClpR protein, and are renamed ClpR1, -2, and -3, respectively. We speculate that ClpR1, -2, and -3 are part of the heptameric rings, whereas ClpS1 is a regulatory subunit positioned at the axial opening of the ClpP/R core. Several truncations and errors in intron and exon prediction of the annotated Clp genes were corrected using mass spectrometry data and by matching genomic sequences with cDNA sequences. This strategy will be widely applicable for the much needed verification of protein prediction from genomic sequence. The extreme complexity of the chloroplast Clp complex is discussed.
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Contributor : Chantal Baracco <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, November 17, 2020 - 11:01:35 AM
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Jean-Benoît Peltier, Jimmy Ytterberg, David A. Liberles, Peter Roepstorff, Klaas Jan van Wijk. Identification of a 350-kDa ClpP Protease Complex with 10 Different Clp Isoforms in Chloroplasts of Arabidopsis thaliana. Journal of Biological Chemistry, American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 2001, 276 (19), pp.16318-16327. ⟨10.1074/jbc.M010503200⟩. ⟨hal-03009347⟩



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