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Dietary vitamin A supplementation prevents early obesogenic diet-induced microbiota, neuronal and cognitive alterations

Abstract : Background Early consumption of obesogenic diets, rich in saturated fat and added sugar, is associated with a plethora of biological dysfunctions, at both peripheral and brain levels. Obesity is also linked to decreased vitamin A bioavailability, an essential molecule for brain plasticity and memory function. Methods Here we investigated in mice whether dietary vitamin A supplementation (VAS) could prevent some of the metabolic, microbiota, neuronal and cognitive alterations induced by obesogenic, high-fat and high-sugar diet (HFSD) exposure from weaning to adulthood, i.e. covering periadolescent period. Results As expected, VAS was effective in enhancing peripheral vitamin A levels as well as hippocampal retinoic acid levels, the active metabolite of vitamin A, regardless of the diet. VAS attenuated HFSD-induced excessive weight gain, without affecting metabolic changes, and prevented alterations of gut microbiota alpha-diversity. In HFSD-fed mice, VAS prevented recognition memory deficits but had no effect on aversive memory enhancement. Interestingly, VAS alleviated both HFSD-induced higher neuronal activation and lower glucocorticoid receptor phosphorylation in the hippocampus after training. Conclusion Dietary VAS was protective against the deleterious effects of early obesogenic diet consumption on hippocampal function, possibly through modulation of the gut-brain axis.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03046682
Contributor : Marion Desailly <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, December 8, 2020 - 3:04:39 PM
Last modification on : Friday, July 9, 2021 - 5:28:01 PM

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Essi Biyong, Serge Alfos, Fabien Dumetz, Jean-Christophe Helbling, Agnès Aubert, et al.. Dietary vitamin A supplementation prevents early obesogenic diet-induced microbiota, neuronal and cognitive alterations. International Journal of Obesity, Nature Publishing Group, In press, ⟨10.1038/s41366-020-00723-z⟩. ⟨hal-03046682⟩

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