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Target Identification of an Antimalarial Oxaborole Identifies AN13762 as an Alternative Chemotype for Targeting CPSF3 in Apicomplexan Parasites

Abstract : Boron-containing compounds represent a promising class of molecules with proven efficacy against a wide range of pathogens, including apicomplexan parasites. Following lead optimization, the benzoxaborole AN13762 was identified as a preclinical candidate against the human malaria parasite, yet the molecular target remained uncertain. Here, we uncovered the parasiticidal mechanisms of AN13762, by combining forward genetics with transcriptome sequencing and computational mutation discovery and using Toxoplasma gondii as a relevant model for Apicomplexa. AN13762 was shown to target TgCPSF3, the catalytic subunit of the pre-mRNA cleavage and polyadenylation complex, as the anti-pan-apicomplexan benzoxaborole compound, AN3661. However, unique mutations within the TgCPSF3 catalytic site conferring resistance to AN13762 do not confer cross-protection against AN3661, suggesting a divergent resistance mechanism. Finally, in agreement with the high sequence conservation of CPSF3 between Toxoplasma and Cryptosporidium, AN13762 shows oral efficacy in cryptosporidiosis mouse model, a disease for which new drug development is of high priority.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03106392
Contributor : Nathalie Katy Chanteloup <>
Submitted on : Monday, January 11, 2021 - 6:01:24 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, May 6, 2021 - 2:19:11 PM

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Distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution - NonCommercial - NoDerivatives 4.0 International License

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Valeria Bellini, Christopher Swale, Marie-Pierre Brenier-Pinchart, Tiffany Pezier, Sonia Georgeault, et al.. Target Identification of an Antimalarial Oxaborole Identifies AN13762 as an Alternative Chemotype for Targeting CPSF3 in Apicomplexan Parasites. iScience, Elsevier, 2020, 23 (12), 14 p. ⟨10.1016/j.isci.2020.101871⟩. ⟨hal-03106392⟩

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