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Special features of neuroendocrine interactions between stress and reproduction in teleosts

Abstract : Stress and reproduction are both essential functions for vertebrate survival, ensuring on one side adaptative responses to environmental changes and potential life threats, and on the other side production of progeny. With more than 25,000 species, teleosts constitute the largest group of extant vertebrates, and exhibit a large diversity of life cycles, environmental conditions and regulatory processes. Interactions between stress and reproduction are a growing concern both for conservation of fish biodiversity in the frame of global changes and for the development of sustainability of aquaculture including fish welfare. In teleosts, as in other vertebrates, adverse effects of stress on reproduction have been largely documented and will be shortly overviewed. Unexpectedly, stress notably via cortisol, may also facilitate reproductive function in some teleost species in relation to their peculiar life cyles and this review will provide some examples. Our review will then mainly address the neuroendocrine axes involved in the control of stress and reproduction, namely the corticotropic and gonadotropic axes, as well as their interactions. After reporting some anatomo-functional specificities of the neuroendocrine systems in teleosts, we will describe the major actors of the corticotropic and gonadotropic axes at the brain-pituitary-peripheral glands (interrenals and gonads) levels, with a special focus on the impact of teleostspecific whole genome duplication (3R) on the number of paralogs and their potential differential functions. We will finally review the current knowledge on the neuroendocrine mechanisms of the various interactions between stress and reproduction at different levels of the two axes in teleosts in a comparative and evolutionary perspective.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03109982
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Submitted on : Thursday, January 14, 2021 - 10:58:34 AM
Last modification on : Friday, April 9, 2021 - 2:50:10 PM

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Karine Rousseau, Patrick Prunet, Sylvie Dufour. Special features of neuroendocrine interactions between stress and reproduction in teleosts. General and Comparative Endocrinology, Elsevier, 2021, 300, pp.1-23. ⟨10.1016/j.ygcen.2020.113634⟩. ⟨hal-03109982⟩

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